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Slang for tense and anxious, esp. when the condition is caused by the effect of a psychoactive drug.


(wīr′ĭng) Fastening bone fragments together with wire.

circumferential w. A method of treating a fractured mandible by passing wires around the bone and a splint in the oral cavity.

continuous loop w. The forming of wire loops on both mandibular and maxillary teeth to provide attachment sites for rubber bands. These are used in treating fractures of the mandible. SYN: Stout’s w.

craniofacial suspension w. Wiring using bones not contiguous with the oral cavity for attachment of wires that lead from those bones to the fractured jaw segments.

Gilmer w. SEE: Gilmer wiring.

Ivy loop w. SEE: Ivy loop wiring.

perialveolar w. The use of wires to fix a splint to the mandible. The wires are passed through the alveolar process from the buccal plate to the palate.

pyriform w. Wiring using the nasal bones to stabilize a fracture of the jaw. The wires are passed through the pyriform aperture of the nasal bone and then to the segment.

silver w. Abnormal reflections of light seen on the ophthalmoscopic examination of the retina of persons with long-standing, uncontrolled hypertension.

Stout’s w. Continuous loop wiring.

Wisconsin Card Sorting Test

(wĭs-kŏn′sĭn) ABBR: WCST. A neuropsychiatric test in which subjects are asked to group a series of symbols by their form and color. The test and its adaptations are used to assess disorders that affect the frontal lobes of the brain, e.g., schizophrenia.

Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome

(vĭs′kŏt-ăl′drĭch) [Alfred Wiskott, Ger. pediatrician, 1898–1978; Robert A. Aldrich, U.S. pediatrician, 1917–1998] An X-linked immune deficiency syndrome whose hallmarks are decreased resistance to infection, eczema, and thrombocytopenia. The number of T lymphocytes in the blood and lymph nodes declines, blood levels of immunoglobulin M class antibodies are reduced, and the response to many antigens is inadequate. Bone marrow transplantation (technically, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation) and stem-cell gene therapy are potentially curative treatments.


The “Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System,” an online database maintained by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) that provides data on traumatic injuries and violent deaths.

witch hazel

(wich′ hā′zĕl) A flowering shrub (Hamamelis virginiana) of eastern North America, whose bark yields an astringent extract used as an herbal remedy. The extract is used externally on sores, bruises, and swelling. Its hydrosol is used in skin care and as a remedy for psoriasis, eczema, in aftershaves, for ingrown nails, for the prevention of sweating ...

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