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meningo-, meningi-, mening-

[Gr. mēninx, stem mēning-, membrane] Prefixes meaning meninges.


(mĕn-ĭnʹgō-sēl) [ʺ + kele, tumor, swelling] Congenital hernia in which the meninges protrude through a defect in the skull or spinal column.

meningococcal, meningococcic

(mĕ-ningʺgŏ-kokʹăl, mĕ-ningʺgŏ-kokʹsik) Pert. to meningococcus.

meningococcal vaccine

(mĕ-ningʺgŏ-kokʹăl) SEE: under vaccine.


(mĕn-ĭnʺgō-kŏk-sēʹmē-ă) [ʺ + kokkos, berry, + haima, blood] Meningococci in the blood, a serious illness that may cause a disseminated rash, altered mental status, shock, and death. SEE: illus.




Typical rash



(mĕn-ĭnʺgō-kŏkʹŭs) pl. meningococci A microorganism of the species Neisseria meningitidis, one of the causative agents of meningitis.


(mĕ-ninʺgō-kortʹĭ-kăl, mĕ-ningʺgō-kortʹĭ-kăl) [meningo- + cortical] Pert. to the meninges and the cortex of the brain.


(mĕ-ningʺgō-ĕn-sefʺă-lītʹĭs) [meningo- + encephalitis] Inflammation of the brain and its meninges. SYN: encephalomeningitis. SEE: encephalitis; meningitis.

primary amebic m. Meningoencephalitis caused by free-living amebae ordinarily found in water, soil, and decaying vegetation. Organisms that can cause primary amebic meningoencephalitis include Naegleria fowleri, Acanthamoeba culbertsoni, and other species of Acanthamoeba. The amebae are acquired by swimming in freshwater lakes and sniffing water into the nasal cavities.

 SYMPTOMS: The symptoms are similar to those of acute meningococcal meningitis.

 TREATMENT: For Naegleria infections, amphotericin B, miconazole, and rifampin are effective if given early in the disease, but diagnosis of this rare disease is often delayed, and few patients survive. Acanthamoeba species are sensitive to pentamidine, propamidine, ketoconazole, miconazole, neomycin, and flucytosine.


(mĕn-ĭnʺgō-ĕn-sĕfʹăl-ō-sēl) [ʺ +ʺ + kele, tumor, swelling] Hernial protrusion of brain and meninges through a defect in the skull.


(mĕn-ĭnʺgō-ĕn-sĕfʺăl-ō-mī-ĕl-īʹtĭs) [ʺ +ʺ + myelos, marrow, + itis, inflammation] Inflammation of the brain and spinal cord, and their meninges.


(mĕn-ĭnʺgō-mīʺĕl-īʹtĭs) [ʺ + myelos, marrow, + itis, inflammation] Inflammation of the spinal cord and its enveloping membranes.


(mĕ-nĭngʺgō-mīʹĕ-lō-sēlʺ) [ʺ +ʺ + kele, tumor, swelling] Myelomeningocele.


(mĕ-nĭngʺgō-ră-dĭkʺū-līʹtĭs) [ʺ +ʺ + Gr. itis, inflammation] Inflammation of the meninges and roots of the spinal nerves.


(mēʹningks, menʹingks, mĕ-ninʹjēzʺ) pl. meninges [Gr. mēninx, stem mēning-, membrane] 1. Membrane. 2....

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