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corpus

(kor′pŭs, kor′pŏ-ră) pl. corpora [L. corpus, stem corpor-, body] 1. A mass or body. 2. The principal part of an organ.

c. albicans A mass of fibrous tissue that replaces the regressing corpus luteum following rupture of the graafian follicle. It forms a white scar that gradually decreases and eventually disappears.

c. amylaceum A mass with an irregular laminated structure like a starch grain, found in the prostate, meninges, lungs, and other organs in various diseases. SYN: colloid corpuscle.

c. callosum The large commissure that interconnects the right and left cerebral hemispheres in the brain. SYN: callosum.

c. cavernosum Any erectile tissue, esp. the erectile bodies of the penis, clitoris, male or female urethra, bulb of the vestibule, or nasal conchae.

c. cavernosum penis One of the two columns of erectile tissue on the dorsum of the penis.

c. ciliare The ciliary body. SEE: ciliary body.

c. dentatum The gray layer in the white matter of the cerebellum. SYN: c. rhomboidale.

c. hemorrhagicum A blood clot formed in the cavity left by rupture of the graafian follicle.

c. interpedunculare The gray matter between the peduncles in front of the pons varolii.

c. luteum The small yellow endocrine structure that develops within a ruptured ovarian follicle and secretes progesterone and estrogen. SEE: fertilization for illus.

c. mammillare The mammillary body. SEE: mammillary body.

c. spongiosum Erectile tissue surrounding the male urethra inside the shaft of the penis. SEE: penis for illus.

c. striatum Striatum.

c. uteri The main body of the uterus, located above the cervix.

c. vitreum Vitreous (2).

corpuscle

(kor′pŭs-ĕl) [L. corpusculum, little body] 1. Any small rounded body. 2. An encapsulated sensory nerve ending. 3. A blood cell. corpuscular (kor-pŭs′kyŭ-lăr), adj.

blood c. An erythrocyte or leukocyte.

bone c. Bone cell.

cancroid c. The characteristic nodule in cutaneous epithelioma.

cartilage c. Chondrocyte.

chromophil c. Nissl body.

chyle c. A corpuscle seen in chyle.

colloid c. Corpus amylaceum.

colostrum c. A cell containing phagocytosed fat globules, present in milk secreted the first few days after parturition.

corneal c. A type of connective tissue cell found in the fibrous tissue of the cornea.

genital c. An encapsulated sensory nerve ending resembling a pacinian corpuscle that is found in the skin of the external genitalia and nipples.

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