Sections View Full Chapter Figures Tables Videos Annotate Full Chapter Figures Tables Videos Supplementary Content +++ Symbols ++ Table Graphic Jump Location|Download (.pdf)|Print ~ or ≈ approximately Δ change ↓ down, downward, decreased, diminished ♀ female ♂ male # number (#5) or pounds (5# wt.) × number of times (×5, 5×) or minutes (×5 min) 1° primary 2° secondary, secondary to ↔ to and from → to, progressing toward, approaching ↑ up, upward, increased ā before c̄ with p̄ after s̄ without +++ A ++ Table Graphic Jump Location|Download (.pdf)|Print A&O alert and oriented AAROM active assistive range of motion AB antibody, abortion abd abdomen, abduction ABGs arterial blood gases AC axillary crutches a.c. before meals ACL anterior cruciate ligament add adduction ad lib. as desired, at discretion ADH antidiuretic hormone ADHD attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder ADLs activities of daily living AE above the elbow AED automated external defibrillator AF, A-fib atrial fibrillation AFB acid-fast bacillus AG, Ag antigen AGN acute glomerulonephritis AICD automatic implanted cardioverter defibrillator AIDS acquired immune deficiency syndrome AK above the knee AKA above-the-knee amputation ALS amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gehrig’s disease) a.m.a. against medical advice ANS autonomic nervous system ant anterior AOM acute otitis media AP anteroposterior ARDS acute respiratory distress syndrome ARF acute renal failure AROM active range of motion AS ankylosing spondylitis, astigmatism ASHD arteriosclerotic heart disease ATN acute tubular necrosis AV, A-V atrioventricular +++ B ++ Table Graphic Jump Location|Download (.pdf)|Print BCC basal cell carcinoma BE below the elbow BG, BS blood glucose, blood sugar bid, b.i.d. twice a day BK below the knee BKA below-the-knee amputation BM bowel movement BMD bone mineral density BMI body mass index BMR basal metabolic rate BNO bladder neck obstruction BOTOX botulinum toxin BP blood pressure BPH benign prostatic hypertrophy (benign prostatic hyperplasia) bpm beats per minute BRP bathroom privileges B/S bedside BSE breast self-examination BUN blood urea nitrogen Bx, bx biopsy +++ C ++ Table Graphic Jump Location|Download (.pdf)|Print C&S culture and sensitivity C1–C7 first cervical vertebra, second cervical vertebra, etc. Ca calcium CA cancer, carcinoma CABG coronary artery bypass graft CAD coronary artery disease CAT cataract cath catheterization, catheter CC or c/c chief complaint CCU coronary care unit CF cystic fibrosis CFS chronic fatigue syndrome CHF congestive heart failure CIRC circumcision CK creatine kinase CMC chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis CNS central nervous system c/o complain (ed/ing/s/t) of CO2 carbon dioxide cont. continue COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease CP cerebral palsy, chest pain CPAP continuous positive airway pressure CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation CPT chest physiotherapy CRF chronic renal failure C-section cesarean section CSF cerebrospinal fluid CT computed tomography CTS carpal tunnel syndrome CV cardiovascular CVA cerebrovascular accident CWP coal worker’s pneumoconiosis CXR chest x-ray cysto cystoscopy +++ D ++ Table Graphic Jump Location|Download (.pdf)|Print D&C dilation and curettage decub decubitus ulcer derm... Your Access profile is currently affiliated with '[InstitutionA]' and is in the process of switching affiliations to '[InstitutionB]'. Please click ‘Continue’ to continue the affiliation switch, otherwise click ‘Cancel’ to cancel signing in. Get Free Access Through Your Institution Learn how to see if your library subscribes to McGraw Hill Medical products. Subscribe: Institutional or Individual Sign In Username Error: Please enter User Name Password Error: Please enter Password Forgot Password? Forgot Username? Sign in via OpenAthens Sign in via Shibboleth You already have access! Please proceed to your institution's subscription. Create a free a profile for additional features.