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INTRODUCTION

Unlike most of the other chapters, this chapter on physical exam contains mostly commands for body positioning, as well as instructions to patients for the purpose of specific testing and explanations as to what to expect with specific exams or maneuvers. This section will be quite useful to many people during the patient encounter, including the health care provider during the actual physical exam, nurses and medical assistants preparing patients for specific exams (e.g., gynecologic), and radiology technicians positioning patients for testing.

Each section is organized by body system and is fairly self-explanatory. In addition, several yes/no questions are included when the specific examination requires a patient response.

GENERAL

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Please remove all your clothes (except your underwear) and put on this gown.

Por favor quítese toda su ropa (excepto su ropa interior) y póngase esta vata.

Por favor quítese toda su ropa (salvo su ropa interior) y póngase esta vata.

Please remove your shoes and socks.

Por favor quítese sus medias y zapatos.

Sit down.

Siéntese.

Lie down.

Acuéstese.

Turn around.

Vírese.

Dese la vuelta.

Sit up.

Siéntese derecho.

Stand up.

Párese.

Bend over.

Inclínese hacia el frente.

HEENT

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Look straight ahead.

Mire hacia el frente.

Do not move your eyes.

No mueva sus ojos.

Open your eyes wide.

Habra bien sus ojos.

Do not move your head.

No mueva su cabeza.

Look up with your eyes only.

Mire hacia arriba solo con sus ojos.

Look down.

Mire hacia abajo.

Look side to side.

Mire de lado a lado.

Do not close your eyes.

No cierre sus ojos.

You will feel a puff of air. Try not to blink.

Usted va a sentir un soplido de aire en su ojo. Por favor trate de no pestañear.

Usted va a sentir un soplido de aire en su ojo. Por favor trate de no parpadear.

Are you able to read?

Puede usted leer.

Do you wear glasses?

¿Usted usa lentes?

¿Usted usa espejuelos?

¿Usted usa anteojos?

¿Usted usa gafas?

Do you have them with you?

¿Las/los tiene con usted?

Please put them on.

Por favor pongáselas/los.

Please read aloud this line of letters.

Por favor lea en alta voz las siguientes letras.

I am going to show you some letters.

Le voy a enseñar unas letras.

Please tell me which one is easier (clearer) to read.

Por favor dígame cuales de ellas son más fáciles para usted de leer o las ve más claras.

One or two?

¿Uno o dos?

Three or four?

¿Tres o cuatro?

Can you hear this?

¿Puede oír esto?

Repeat what you hear me whisper.

Repita lo que yo le diga en voz baja.

  • One, two, three (whispered).

  • Uno, dos, tres.

Open your mouth.

Habra su ...

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