(stŭrj′web′ĕr) [William Sturge, Brit. physician, 1850–1919; Frederick Parkes Weber, Brit. physician, 1863–1962] A phakomatosis marked by port-wine nevi along the distribution of the trigeminal nerve, angiomas of leptomeninges and choroid, intracranial calcifications, mental retardation, seizures, and glaucoma. SYN: encephalotrigeminal angiomatosis; nevoid amentia.
(stŭt′ĕ-ring) 1. A disruption in the fluency of speech in which those affected repeat letters or syllables, pause or hesitate abnormally, or fragment words when attempting to speak. The symptoms are exaggerated during times of stress and may also be worsened by some medications, some strokes, or other diseases and conditions. Stuttering often occurs in more than one family member. SYN: stammering.
This condition occurs in approx. 1% to 2% of the school population. Boys are affected three or four times as often as girls. The onset is in two periods: between the ages of 2 and 4 years when speech begins and between 6 and 8 years of age when the need for language increases. It usually resolves spontaneously by adulthood.
Therapies, including relaxation techniques, hypnosis, delayed auditory feedback, and medications such as haloperidol can provide some help.
Educational materials are available from the Stuttering Foundation of America (800-992-9392) and from the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (800-638-8255).
2. Periodic interruption in a bodily function.
acquired s. The sudden appearance of stuttering in a person over age 10 with no previous history of an articulation disorder. It may occur after a stroke, after the administration of certain drugs (such as theophylline), as an affectation, or as a reaction to unusually stressful circumstances.
An extract prepared from the herbs angelica root, bitter candy tuft, caraway fruit, celandine, chamomile flower, lemon balm leaves, licorice root, milk thistle fruit, and peppermint leaves. It is used as an alternative medical treatment for dyspepsia.
(stī) pl. sties, styes [AS. stigan, to rise] A localized inflammatory swelling of one or more of the glands of the eyelid. They are mildly tender, and may discharge some purulent fluid. SEE: chalazion.
SYMPTOMS: General edema of the lid, pain, and localized conjunctivitis mark the condition. As the internal sty progresses, an abscess will form that can be seen through the conjunctiva.
TREATMENT: Applying warm, moist compresses to the eyelid several times a day for 4 or 5 days usually helps the sty drain. If the sty does not resolve, it can be incised and drained surgically. SYN: hordeolum.
meibomian s. An inflammation of a meibomian gland.
zeisian s. An inflammation of one of the Zeis’ glands.
(stī-lĕt′) [Fr. stilette] 1. A small, sharp-pointed instrument ...