(sal″pĭn-jek′tŏ-mē) [salpingo- + -ectomy] The surgical removal of a fallopian tube. The procedure provides permanent sterilization. It can be performed electively by women who seek to avoid all further pregnancies.
(săl″pĭn-jī′tĭs) [Gr. salpinx, tube, + itis, inflammation] Inflammation of a fallopian tube, usually as a result of a sexually transmitted infection. The prognosis is affected by the virulence of the organism, degree of inflammation, and promptness of treatment. The long-term consequences of the infection may include scarring of the fallopian tubes and infertility.
ETIOLOGY: The most common causative organisms are Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Chlamydia trachomatis. Additional microbes include Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, and other aerobic and anaerobic bacilli and cocci. Although common elsewhere, tubercular salpingitis is rare in the U.S.; it is most likely to be present in immunosuppressed women and some immigrant populations. Postpartum salpingitis often results from the upward migration of commensal vaginal streptococci.
SYMPTOMS: Although the disease may be asymptomatic, the patient often presents with signs of an acute pelvic infection. Complaints include unilateral or bilateral pelvic or lower abdominal pain, fever, and chills.
EXAMINATION: If an abscess has formed, bimanual palpation or ultrasonography may reveal a tender adnexal mass.
TREATMENT: Empirical antibiotic therapies may include fluoroquinolones or combination therapies using tetracycline derivatives and cephalosporins. Care must be taken to avoid using fluoroquinolones or tetracyclines in pregnancy. Bedrest and analgesics assist in pain management.
eustachian s. Eustachitis.
gonococcal s. Salpingitis due to gonococci.
[Gr. salpinx, stem salping-, trumpet] Prefixes meaningtube or salpinx.
(săl″pĭng-gŏg′ră-fē) [″ + graphein, to write] Radiography of the fallopian tubes after the introduction of a radiopaque contrast medium; used in testing for patency of the tubes in investigating infertility.
(săl-pĭng″gō-ō″ ŏf-ō-rĕk′tō-mē) [″ + oon, egg, + phoros, a bearer, + ektome, excision] Excision of an ovary and a fallopian tube. SYN: oophorosalpingectomy; ovariosalpingectomy; salpingo-ovariectomy.
(săl-pĭng″ō-ō″ŏf-ō-rī′ tĭs) [″ + ″ + ″ + itis, inflammation] Inflammation of a fallopian tube and an ovary. SYN: salpingo-oothecitis. SEE: pelvic inflammatory disease; salpingitis.
(săl″pĭng-gŏs-kŭ-pē) Microendoscopic examination of the inside of the fallopian tubes, e.g., to diagnose or treat obstruction, adhesions, or other diseases and conditions.
(săl-pĭng-ŏs′tō-mē) The surgical opening of a fallopian tube that has been occluded or for drainage purposes.
(săl″pĭng-gŏt′ă-mē) [″ + tome, incision] Incision of a fallopian tube.
(sal′pingks, sal-pin′jēz″) pl. salpinges [Gr. ...