Skip to Main Content

life closure

Any efforts made by severely ill patients to get their emotional, familial, financial, philosophical, or spiritual affairs in order.

life expectancy

The number of years that an average person of a given age may be expected to live. Numerous factors influence life expectancy, including habits, e.g., smoking; chronic illnesses, e.g., heart failure, chronic kidney disease, or cancers; gender (women live longer than men); and socioeconomic status. In the U.S., the average life expectancy at birth is about 78 years. SEE: tables; years of life lost.

| Download (.pdf) | Print
Life Expectancy by Sex, Age, and Race: 2008
Age (years) White Black Total
Male Female Male Female MaleFemale
Birth 75.9 80.8 70.9 77.4 75.5 80.5
1 75.4 80.2 71.0 77.4 75.1 80.0
5 71.5 76.3 67.1 73.5 71.2 76.1
10 66.5 71.3 62.2 68.5 66.2 71.1
15 61.6 66.3 57.2 63.6 61.3 66.1
20 56.8 61.4 52.6 58.7 56.5 61.2
25 52.2 56.6 48.0 53.9 51.9 56.4
30 47.5 51.7 43.5 49.1 47.2 51.5
35 42.8 46.9 39.0 44.3 42.6 46.7
40 38.1 42.1 34.5 39.6 37.9 41.9
45 33.6 37.4 30.1 35.1 33.4 37.2
50 29.2 32.8 26.0 30.8 29.0 32.7
55 25.0 28.3 22.2 26.7 24.9 28.3
60 21.0 24.0 18.7 22.7 20.9 24.0
65 17.3 19.9 15.5 18.9 17.2 19.9
70 13.7 16.0 12.6 15.4 13.7 16.0
75 10.6 12.4 10.0 12.2 10.6 12.5
80 7.9 9.3 7.8 9.5 7.9 9.4
85 5.7 6.8 6.0 7.1 5.8 6.8
90 4.1 4.8 4.6 5.3 4.1 4.8
95 2.9 3.3 3.5 3.8 2.9 3.3
100 2.0 2.2 2.6 2.8 2.1 2.3

SOURCE: Adapted from U.S. National Center for Health Statistics, National Vital Statistics Reports (NVSR), Deaths: Preliminary Data for 2008, Vol. 59, No. 2, December 2010.

| Download (.pdf) | Print
Expectation of Life at Birth, 1970 to 2008, and Projections, 2010 to 2020*
...
Year Total White Black
Male Female Male Female Male Female
1970 67.1 74.7 68.0 75.6 60.0 68.3
1980 70.0 77.4 70.7 78.1 63.8 72.5
1981 70.4 77.8 71.1 78.4 64.5 73.2
1982 70.8 78.1 71.5 78.7 65.1 73.6
1983 71.0 78.1 71.6 78.7 65.2 73.5
1984 71.1 78.2 71.8 78.7 65.3 73.6
1985 71.1 78.2 71.8 78.7 65.0 73.4
1986 71.2 78.2 71.9 78.8 64.8 73.4
1987 71.4 78.3 72.1 78.9 64.7 73.4
1988 71.4 78.3 72.2 78.9 64.4 73.2
1989 71.7 78.5 72.5 79.2 64.3 73.3
1990 71.8 78.8 72.7 79.4 64.5 73.6
1991 72.0 78.9 72.9 79.6 64.6 73.8
1992 72.3 79.1 73.2 79.8 65.0 73.9
1993 72.2 78.8 73.1 79.5 64.6 73.7
1994 72.4 79.0 73.3 79.6 64.9 73.9
1995 72.5 78.9 73.4 79.6 65.2 73.9
1996 73.1 79.1 73.9 79.7 66.1 74.2
1997 73.6 79.4 74.3 79.9 67.2 74.7
1998 73.8 79.5 74.5 80.0 67.6 74.8
1999 73.9 79.4 74.6 79.9 67.8 74.7
2000 74.1 79.3 74.7 79.9

Pop-up div Successfully Displayed

This div only appears when the trigger link is hovered over. Otherwise it is hidden from view.