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holy basil

(hōl′ē ba′zĭl, bā′) An herb from the mint family (Ocimum sanctum) native to the tropics. It is used in Hindu gardens as an aromatic plant that focuses the mind during meditation and in Ayurvedic medicine as an adaptogen and a promoter of a long life. SYN: tulasi.


An abbreviation for the homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance, calculated by multiplying the fasting insulin by the fasting glucose and dividing the product by 405.

Homans sign

(hō′mănz) [John Homans, U.S. surgeon, 1877–1954] Pain in the calf when the foot is passively dorsiflexed. This is a physical finding suggestive of venous thrombosis of the deep veins of the calf; however, diagnostic reliability is limited, that is, elicited calf pain may be associated with conditions other than thrombosis, and an absence of calf pain does not rule out thrombosis.


A residence where people return regularly to eat, live, recreate, rest, and sleep.

home assessment, home safety assessment

An evaluation of the home environment of older people and of those with functional impairments, usually by an occupational therapist or home care specialist, in order to prevent falls and injuries, identify architectural barriers and safety hazards, and recommend modifications or devices for improving mobility, safety, and independent function.

PATIENT CARE: The assessment usually generates a list of practical interventions to improve home safety. These include the installation of nonslip bathmats and grab rails in bathrooms, hand rails on stairs, and brighter lighting. Resurfacing decks and stairs to make them less slippery; eliminating weapons and hazardous devices from the home; and providing access to continuing patient education and independent living resources. SYN: home evaluation.


Physically or psychologically unable to leave home. About 2,000,000 Americans (more than 5% of the Medicare population) rarely, if ever, leave home.

home evaluation

Home assessment.

home health care

The provision for the medical, nursing, and social needs of a person in his or her own residence or in the residence of a family member.


(hōm′lĕs) Having no permanent or usual domicile. People who are homeless are often economically disadvantaged, socially isolated, unemployed, and/or uninsured. They may have limited access to preventive and acute health care and may suffer from untreated acute, chronic, or infectious illnesses. Homelessness is associated with a marked increase in mortality. The incidence of homelessness in the U.S. population is estimated to be nearly 1%. In 2017, on any given night in the U.S. more than half a million people had no place to stay, or were staying in temporary shelters. ...

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