(dis-trib′yŭ-tiv) The ethical concept that favors the value of doing some good for a community, as opposed to doing great good for an individual. It may be illustrated by the dilemma of providing a costly organ transplant to save the life of one person versus providing vaccination against polio to thousands of others. When monetary resources are limited, health care planners, providers, and patients compete for those resources and must decide whether to concentrate them on a single major task or distribute them broadly to the population at large.
(dis-tŭr′băns) 1. Interruption of the normal sequence of continuity. 2. A departure from the considered norm. 3. In traditional Chinese medicine, an imbalance of energy.
emotional d. An imprecise term for a disorder or illness of the mind with no detectable organic cause; a mental disorder.
(dī-sŭl′fāt) A compound containing two sulfate radicals.
Nausea, vomiting, flushing, headache, and shortness of breath after people consume alcohol while taking the aldehyde dehydrogenase inhibitor, disulfiram, a drug used to deter alcohol abuse.
disuse syndrome, risk for
Susceptible to deterioration of body systems as the result of prescribed or unavoidable musculoskeletal inactivity, which may compromise health. SEE: Nursing Diagnoses Appendix.
(dī″thī″ō-ok′să-mīd″) Rubeanic acid.
(dī″ū-rēs′) To cause diuresis.
(dī″yŭ-rē′sĭs) [Gr. diourein, to urinate + -sis] The secretion and passage of large amounts of urine. Diuresis occurs as a complication of metabolic disorders such as diabetes mellitus, diabetes insipidus, and hypercalcemia. It also occurs after removal of a urinary obstruction, after childbirth, and after supraventricular tachycardias.
Diuretic drugs (such as furosemide) are used to manage conditions marked by fluid overload, e.g., cerebral edema, cirrhosis with ascites, heart failure, and nephrotic syndrome. SEE: diuretic.
forced d. Diuresis resulting from the administration of vigorous intravenous hydration with diuretic drugs (such as furosemide) to increase the secretion of solutes or toxins in urine.
osmotic d. Diuresis caused by osmotically active solutes in the kidney tubules, esp. glucose, mannitol, or urea.
(dī″yŭ-ret′ik) [L. diureticus, fr. Gr. diourētikos, pert. to urination] 1. Pert. to the increase of urinary secretion. SEE: diuresis. 2. An agent that increases urinary output. Diuretics are used to treat hypertension, congestive heart failure, and edema. Common side effects of these agents are potassium depletion, low blood pressure, dehydration, and hyponatremia.
Diuretic drugs are colloqually called water pills.