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Caulobacter crescentus

(kawl-ŏ-băk′tĕr krĕ-sĕn′tŭs) A single-celled slightly curved bacterium that thrives in watery environments. It exists in two forms: a flagellated swarmer cell, and a stalked cell.

Caulophyllum thalictroides

(kol″ŏ-fil′ŭm) SEE: blue cohosh.

causalgia

(kaw-săl′jē-ă) [″ + algos, pain] Intense burning pain accompanied by trophic skin changes, due to injury of nerve fibers. SYN: complex regional pain syndrome, type 2.

causal treatment

Treatment directed toward removal of the cause of the disease.

cause

(kawz) [L. causa] Something that brings about a particular condition, result, or effect.

antecedent c. An event or condition that predisposes to a disease or condition.

determining c. The final event or condition that brings about a disease or condition.

necessary and sufficient c. In logic, an antecedent condition that is wholly and solely capable of producing an effect.

predisposing c. Something that favors the development of a disease or condition.

proximate c. An event that immediately precedes another and is felt to be responsible for its occurrence.

remote c. An event or condition that is not immediate in its effect but predisposes to the development of a disease or condition.

ultimate c. The remote event or condition that initiated a train of events resulting in the development of a disease or condition.

caustic

(kaw′stĭk) [Gr. kaustikos, capable of burning] 1. Corrosive and burning; destructive to living tissue. 2. An agent, particularly an alkali, that destroys living tissue, e.g., silver nitrate, potassium hydroxide, nitric acid. SEE: poisoning.

cauter-, cautero-

[L. fr. Gr. kautēr, branding iron] Prefixes meaning heat or burn.

cauterant

(kaw′tĕr-ănt) [Gr. kauter, a burner] 1. Cauterizing. 2. A cauterizing agent.

cauterization

(kaw″tĕr-ī-zā′shŭn) [Gr. kauteriazein, to burn] Destruction of tissue with, e.g., a caustic chemical electric current, a frozen probe, a hot iron, a laser, or ultrasound.

chemical c. Cauterization by the use of chemical agents, esp. caustic substances.

electrical c. Electrocautery.

cauterize

(kaw′tĕr-īz) To burn with a cautery, or a cauterizing agent, device, or technique.

cautery

(kot′ĕ-rē) [L. cauterium, fr Gr. kautērion, branding iron] 1. A device used to destroy tissue by electricity, freezing, heat, laser, ultrasound energy, or corrosive chemicals. It is used in potentially infected wounds and to destroy excess granulation tissue. Thermocautery consists of a red-hot or white-hot object, usually ...

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