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(bŭrn′ēr) A lay term for trauma to the brachial plexus, marked by a fiery sensation in the neck that radiates down the arm, esp. when the neck is deviated away from the involved side and the contralateral shoulder is depressed. This condition, which is esp. prevalent in contact sports, occurs when the head deviates away from the involved arm causing the cervical nerve root to stretch. A compressive injury can cause symptoms if the head is tilted to the injured side. Weakness and numbness follow the burning sensation but are usually transient. Repeated brachial plexus trauma can result in permanent neuropathy. SYN: stinger.

image The presence of a vertebral fracture should be ruled out (as with x-rays) before testing for brachial plexus trauma.

Burnett syndrome

[Charles Hoyt Burnett, U.S. physician, 1913–1967] Milkalkali syndrome.

burning mouth syndrome

A burning sensation in one or several parts of the mouth. It occurs in older adults and is generally related to menopausal or psychological factors. Identified causes are denture irritation, yeast infection, decreased salivary production, systemic factors such as nutritional and estrogen deficiencies, and sensory neuropathies. It is also called oral dysesthesia. Treatment consists of therapy for the causative condition. SYN: burning tongue.


(bŭr′nish) 1. To condense or polish a metal surface with a smooth metal instrument. 2. In dentistry, to smoothe the margins of a dental restoration with an instrument that has a blade or nib. burnisher (bŭr′nish-ĕr), n.


(bŭrn′owt″) 1. Rendering unserviceable by excessive heat. 2. Exhaustion owing to chronic job stress. It is characterized by physical and emotional fatigue and sometimes physical illness. Frustration from a perceived inability to end the stresses and problems associated with powerlessness in one’s job contribute to loss of concern for patients or good job performance. Health care professionals are esp. prone to burnout, particularly those working in highly stressful conditions.

wax b. Removal of an invested wax pattern from a mold by heating, thereby creating the mold space for casting metal.

Burow solution

(boo′rōz) [Karl August von Burow, Ger. surgeon, 1809–1874] A dilute solution of aluminum acetate; used in dermatology as a drying agent for weeping skin lesions.


1. To belch. 2. To hold a baby against the chest and pat it on the back to induce belching.

BURP maneuver

The application of backward, upward, and right ward pressure to the larynx as part of an effort to facilitate endotracheal intubation, e.g., during advanced cardiac life support.


SEE: bur.



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