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Chapter 5. Dietary Guidelines, General Nutrition Recommendations, and Federal Nutrition Policy

The 2015–2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans emphasize balancing caloric intake with caloric expenditure to maintain a healthy weight. If your 22-year-old female client (5’4” and 125 pounds) burns 500 calories per workout and exercises 5 days per week, about how many calories does she need each day to maintain her weight?

A. 1,800

B. 2,000

C. 2,200

D. 2,400

Dave is a 20-year-old lacrosse player who recently underwent a comprehensive nutrition evaluation. He says the evaluation helped him realize that he goes out to eat too often. If he is like the typical American, which nutrients is Dave most likely to consume in insufficient amounts?

A. Sodium, potassium, iron, and vitamin C

B. Calcium, fiber, protein, and vitamin D

C. Protein, fiber, essential fatty acids, and calcium

D. Potassium, fiber, calcium, and vitamin D

Based on a 2,000-calorie diet, how many servings of fruits and vegetables should Americans eat according to MyPlate?

A. 3 to 5 servings per day (1.5 to 2.5 cups)

B. At least 5 servings per day (2.5 cups)

C. 9 servings per day (4.5 cups)

D. 11 servings per day (5.5 cups)

Which of the following dinner plates most resembles the MyPlate ideal?

A. Mixed vegetable primavera with whole grain pasta, an orange, sliced grilled chicken breast, and a glass of skim milk

B. Beef tacos with shredded lettuce, tomato, and cheese, a glass of water, and fruit Jell-O

C. Cheese pizza, a small dinner salad, and a glass of skim milk

D. Baked salmon, brown rice, black beans, steamed broccoli, and a glass of water

You are working with a 45-year-old avid surfer. He asks you about how much vitamin B6 he should eat to meet his nutritional needs. You look up the dietary reference intakes for vitamin B6. Which one of the DRIs should you tell him?

A. Recommended dietary allowance

B. Estimated average requirement

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