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F. A. Davis Company

1915 Arch Street

Philadelphia, PA 19103

Copyright © 2014 by F. A. Davis Company

All rights reserved. This book is protected by copyright. No part of it may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without written permission from the publisher.

Printed in China by Imago

Last digit indicates print number: 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

Senior Acquisitions Editor: Melissa Duffield

Manager of Content Development: George Lang

Manager of Art & Design: Carolyn O'Brien

Developmental Editor: Dean W. DeChambeau

Reviewers: Denise Abrams, PT, DPT, MA; Thomas Bevins, PT, MS; Wendy D. Bircher, PT, EdD; Susan P. Denham, OTR/L, CHT; Weiqing Ge, DPT, PhD; Nathan B. Herz, OTD, MBA, OTR/L, CEAS; You-jou Hung, PT, MS, PhD; Kathleen K. Kelley, EdD, PT, NCS; Kari Christine Inda, PhD, OTR; Michael B. Moore, PhD, ATC; Jackie D. Underwood, PTA, BS

As new scientific information becomes available through basic and clinical research, recommended treatments and drug therapies undergo changes. The author(s) and publisher have done everything possible to make this book accurate, up to date, and in accord with accepted standards at the time of publication. The author(s), editors, and publisher are not responsible for errors or omissions or for consequences from application of the book, and make no warranty, expressed or implied, in regard to the contents of the book. Any practice described in this book should be applied by the reader in accordance with professional standards of care used in regard to the unique circumstances that may apply in each situation. The reader is advised always to check product information (package inserts) for changes and new information regarding dose and contraindications before administering any drug. Caution is especially urged when using new or infrequently ordered drugs.

Authorization to photocopy items for internal or personal use, or the internal or personal use of specific clients, is granted by F. A. Davis Company for users registered with the Copyright Clearance Center (CCC) Transactional Reporting Service, provided that the fee of $.10 per copy is paid directly to CCC, 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923. For those organizations that have been granted a photocopy license by CCC, a separate system of payment has been arranged. The fee code for users of the Transactional Reporting Service is: 978-0-8036-2760/14 0 + $.10.

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