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UNIT ONE: Introduction

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Chapter 1: Context and Word Structure: The Keys to Learning Language

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  1. (Answers will vary.)

  2. (Answers will vary.)

  3. (Answers will vary.)

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  1. Boat and house are both root words.

  2. Sample answers: houses, housed, housing

  3. Sample answers: boats, boated, boater, boating, boatful

  4. (Answers will vary.)

  5. Some words are made up of two root words that are combined into one compound word.

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  1. pneum(o) - lungs; bio - life; ven(i/o) - vein or blood

  2. esophagi - throat or gullet; hem(o/ato) - blood fract - break; orbi(to) - circular or around the eyes

  3. myo - muscle; card(i) - heart

  4. contra - against; nephron - kidneys

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  1. root words: thigh, bone

  2. root words: collar, bone

  3. medical root: fract

  4. medical root: gastr

  5. medical root: pneumo

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  1. o

  2. o

  3. o

  4. a

  5. i

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  1. ab-; away from

  2. pre-; before

  3. sang-; blood red

  4. noct-; night

  5. pre-; before

  6. cyan-; blue

  7. micro-; small

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  1. e- (evacuate)

  2. hypo- (hypoglycemia)

  3. intra- (intravenous)

  4. hyper- (hyperventilating)

  5. hetero- (heterosexual)

  6. leuko- (leukocyte)

  7. epi- (epidermal)

  8. sym- (symbiotic)

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  1. hyperglycemia; high blood sugar levels

  2. preoperative; occurring before surgery

  3. atypical; not typical

  4. polyuria; excessive production of urine

  5. microorganism; a life form that is very small

  6. disjointed; taken apart at the joints

  7. semiconscious; half or partly conscious

  8. postpartum; occurring after birth

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  1. unconscious

  2. blind

  3. immobile

  4. ill / unwell / sick

  5. firm / rigid

  6. loose

  7. relaxed

  8. relaxation / flexion / extension

  9. grief / unhappiness

  10. closing

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  1. immobile

  2. antibacterial

  3. atypical

  4. unmedicated

  5. nonmedicinal

  6. disequilibrium

  7. unable

  8. immobilize

  9. noncompliant

  10. misdiagnosed

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  1. balance

  2. complete

  3. operable

  4. resectable

  5. lodged

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  1. gynecology; the medical specialty that focuses on the female reproductive organs

  2. orbital; related to the area around the eye

  3. tonsillitis; inflammation of the tonsils or tonsillectomy; the surgical removal of the tonsils

  4. appendicitis; inflammation of the appendix or appendectomy; the surgical removal of the appendix

  5. carcinogen; a substance that causes cancer

  6. sonogram; a diagnostic image produced with the use of sound waves

  7. audible; able to be heard or audiology; the medical study of hearing

  8. chemotherapy; treatment with the use of drugs

  9. physician; a doctor

  10. sarcoma; a tumor of the flesh

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  1. -ed (dislocated); -ing (skiing); -ful (painful); -er (upper)

  2. -pathy (neuropathy); -ed (generalized)

  3. -ed (suffered); -ed (infected); -ectomy (tonsillectomy); -ed (resolved)

  4. -ed (diagnosed); -ia (anemia); -ing (according)

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