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UNIT ONE: Introduction

Chapter 1: Context and Word Structure: The Keys to Learning Language

  1. (Answers will vary.)

  2. (Answers will vary.)

  3. (Answers will vary.)

  1. Boat and house are both root words.

  2. Sample answers: houses, housed, housing

  3. Sample answers: boats, boated, boater, boating, boatful

  4. (Answers will vary.)

  5. Some words are made up of two root words that are combined into one compound word.

  1. pneum(o) - lungs; bio - life; ven(i/o) - vein or blood

  2. esophagi - throat or gullet; hem(o/ato) - blood fract - break; orbi(to) - circular or around the eyes

  3. myo - muscle; card(i) - heart

  4. contra - against; nephron - kidneys

  1. root words: thigh, bone

  2. root words: collar, bone

  3. medical root: fract

  4. medical root: gastr

  5. medical root: pneumo

  1. o

  2. o

  3. o

  4. a

  5. i

  1. ab-; away from

  2. pre-; before

  3. sang-; blood red

  4. noct-; night

  5. pre-; before

  6. cyan-; blue

  7. micro-; small

  1. e- (evacuate)

  2. hypo- (hypoglycemia)

  3. intra- (intravenous)

  4. hyper- (hyperventilating)

  5. hetero- (heterosexual)

  6. leuko- (leukocyte)

  7. epi- (epidermal)

  8. sym- (symbiotic)

  1. hyperglycemia; high blood sugar levels

  2. preoperative; occurring before surgery

  3. atypical; not typical

  4. polyuria; excessive production of urine

  5. microorganism; a life form that is very small

  6. disjointed; taken apart at the joints

  7. semiconscious; half or partly conscious

  8. postpartum; occurring after birth

  1. unconscious

  2. blind

  3. immobile

  4. ill / unwell / sick

  5. firm / rigid

  6. loose

  7. relaxed

  8. relaxation / flexion / extension

  9. grief / unhappiness

  10. closing

  1. immobile

  2. antibacterial

  3. atypical

  4. unmedicated

  5. nonmedicinal

  6. disequilibrium

  7. unable

  8. immobilize

  9. noncompliant

  10. misdiagnosed

  1. balance

  2. complete

  3. operable

  4. resectable

  5. lodged

  1. gynecology; the medical specialty that focuses on the female reproductive organs

  2. orbital; related to the area around the eye

  3. tonsillitis; inflammation of the tonsils or tonsillectomy; the surgical removal of the tonsils

  4. appendicitis; inflammation of the appendix or appendectomy; the surgical removal of the appendix

  5. carcinogen; a substance that causes cancer

  6. sonogram; a diagnostic image produced with the use of sound waves

  7. audible; able to be heard or audiology; the medical study of hearing

  8. chemotherapy; treatment with the use of drugs

  9. physician; a doctor

  10. sarcoma; a tumor of the flesh

  1. -ed (dislocated); -ing (skiing); -ful (painful); -er (upper)

  2. -pathy (neuropathy); -ed (generalized)

  3. -ed (suffered); -ed (infected); -ectomy (tonsillectomy); -ed (resolved)

  4. -ed (diagnosed); -ia (anemia); -ing (according)

    ...

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