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  1. Describe the symptoms associated with exercise-induced asthma, as well as common treatments and preventive measures.

  2. Identify the risk factors for developing cancer and lifestyle strategies that can minimize the risk for the development of cancer.

  3. Define osteoporosis and osteopenia.

  4. Describe the types of physical activity generally recommended as part of the treatment plan for people diagnosed with osteopenia and osteoporosis.

  5. Compare and contrast rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, and fibromyalgia.

  6. Explain the importance of physical activity for people diagnosed with arthritis and fibromyalgia.

  7. Identify the common causes of low-back pain and strategies for preventing the development of chronic low-back conditions.

  8. List the precautions that should be considered when developing exercise programs for prenatal and postpartum clients.


Visit DavisPlus at for study and practice resources, including online quizzes, animations that help explain physiological processes, podcasts concerning news and career trends in exercise physiology, and practice references.



  • Luci is a personal trainer with advanced education and training in working with special populations. She splits her time between the medical fitness facility at a large hospital and her private practice training clients at a local gym. Rich, who has come to the gym to meet Luci for his first training session, was just beginning his freshman year of high school and was excited to try his first competitive sport by joining the cross-country team for the fall season. He had never run much, even in his middle school years. Physical education was an option that he really did not care for, and he chose instead to focus on music and drama opportunities. However, this year was different, because his best friend was joining the cross-country team and he wanted to share that experience with him. The first day of practice was not easy. The coach sent the team out for a 30-minute run. Rich was unable to complete the workout, as he quickly became short of breath and wheezy. He figured that he was just out of shape and things would get better as his conditioning improved.

    How might Luci address Rich's situation, and what special considerations should she keep in mind?

  • Subsequent practices produced a similar result for Rich, and he began to notice that his shortness of breath came on a bit more rapidly and intensely on the cold, dry fall days. It was particularly severe when he attempted to keep up with some of the older runners on an interval session, and the subsequent wheeziness lasted for 20 to 30 minutes after stopping the workout. Rich did his best to downplay his symptoms, but his coach was concerned and recommended to Rich's mother, Maria, that he be evaluated by his primary care physician. Maria is a member at Luci's gym; she gives Luci the background about Rich's illness and asks Luci about the condition. Luci states that she agrees with the ...

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