(hī″pō-kĭ-nē′zē-ă) [″ + kinesis, movement] Decreased motor reaction to stimulus. hypokinetic (-nĕt ĭk), adj.
(hī″pō-lăk-tāz′ē-ă) Lactase deficiency. The absence of enzymes that break down dietary lactose is common in adults, esp. those of Northern European heritage, in whom it is a common cause of abdominal gas or indigestion.
(hī″pō-lĭp″ĭ-dē′mĭk) Decreasing the lipid concentration of the blood.
(hī″pŏ-mag″nĕ-sē′mē-ă) [hypo- magnesium -emia] A deficiency of magnesium in blood serum. It usually results from excess excretion of magnesium in urine (such as a result of diuretic medications), or in the gastrointestinal tract (as in patients with diarrhea or malabsorption syndromes). SEE: magnesium.
(hī″pŏ-mā′nē-ă) [hypo- + -mania] Mild mania and excitement, with a moderate change in behavior. hypomanic (hī″pŏ-man′ik), adj.
(hī-pō-măs′tē-ă) [″ + mastos, breast] A condition of having abnormally small breasts.
(hī″pō-mĕl-ăn-ō′sĭs) One of several disorders of melanin pigmentation in which melanin in the epidermis is decreased or absent. It may be caused by albinism, chronic protein deficiency, burns, trauma, or vitiligo. SEE: hypermelanosis.
(hī″pō-mĕn-ō-rē′ă) [″ + men, month, + rhoia, flow] A deficient amount of menstrual flow, but with regular periods. SEE: oligomenorrhea.
(hī″pō-mĕ-tab′ŏ-lizm) [hypo-, + metabolism] A decreased metabolic rate, such as one evidenced by diminished uptake of a biomarker. For example, decreased metabolism in the parietal and temporal regions of the brain for fluorodeoxyglucose characterizes Alzheimer disease.
(hī″pō-meth″ĭ-lā shŏn) [hypo- + methylation] 1. The loss of methyl groups from DNA nucleotides. 2. The removal of methyl groups from DNA nucleotides with chemotherapeutic drugs.
(hī″pō-mē′trē-ă) [″ + metron, measure] A shortened range of movement. SEE: dysmetria.
(hī″ pō-mĭm′ ē-ă) A reduction in the expressiveness of the face, as occurs in patients with Parkinson's disease. It is marked by diminished animation and movement of the facial muscles.
(hī″pō-mō-bil′ĭt-ē) [hypo- + mobility] Restricted joint play (movement) that limits normal range of motion. SEE: hypermobility. hypomobile (hī″pō-mō′bĭl), adj.
(hī′pō-mŏrf) [″ + morphe, form] 1. A person with disproportionately short limbs with respect to the length of the trunk; the opposite of hypermorph. 2. A mutant gene that has a loss of function or expresses much less gene product than the wild type. SEE: somatotype.