1. Infusion of blood into the person who donated it.
PATIENT CARE: This is usually done by obtaining one or two units of blood, separating the red blood cells, and infusing them at a later date. It may also be performed by capturing blood lost during an operation with a cell saver and returning it to the patient intraoperatively.
2. Infusion with his or her own blood by a healthy person in an attempt to enhance athletic performance. SYN: blood doping.
ABBR: ESA. Any drug or intervention that stimulates the bone marrow to produce or release red blood cells into the circulation. ESAs are used to treat some forms of anemia, e.g., those caused by end-stage kidney disease.
(ĕ-rĭth″rō-sī-thē′mē-ă) [Gr. erythros, red, + kytos, cell, + haima, blood] An obsolete term for polycythemia vera.
(ĕ-rĭth″rō-sī-tŏm′ĕ-tĕr) [″ + ″ + metron, measure] An instrument for counting red blood cells.
(ĕ-rĭth″rō-sī″tō-ŏp-sō′nĭn) [″ + ″ + opsonein, to buy food] A substance opsonic for red blood cells.
(ĕ-rĭth″rō-sī″tō-pē′ nē-ă) [″ + ″ + penia, poverty] A deficiency in the number of red blood cells in the body. SYN: erythropenia.
(ĕ-rĭth″rō-sī″tō-poy-ē′ sĭs) Erythropoiesis.
(ĕ-rĭth″rō-sī″tŏ-rĕk′ sĭs) [″ + ″ + rhexis, rupture] The breaking up of red blood cells with particles or fragments of the cells escaping into the plasma.
(ĕ-rĭth″rō-sī-tō′sĭs) [″ + ″ + osis, increasing condition] An abnormal increase in the number of red blood cells in circulation, found, for example, in hypoxemic patients or patients with polycythemia vera.
spurious e. Gaisböck's syndrome.
stress e. Gaisböck's syndrome.
(ĕ-rith″rŏ-dĕr′mă, ĕ-rith″rŏ-dĕr′mē-ă) [″ + derma, skin] Abnormally widespread redness and scaling of the skin, sometimes involving the entire body. This condition may be seen in patients with extensive psoriasis, cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, drug reactions, seborrheic or atopic dermatitis, or other conditions. SEE: illus. SYN: erythrodermia; exfoliative dermatitis.
e. desquamativum A disease of breast-fed infants. Resembling seborrhea, it is characterized by redness of the skin and development of scales.
e. ichthyosiforme congenitum The Latin name for congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma.
(ĕ-rith″rŏ-jĕn′ĕ-sĭs) [erythro- + genesis] The development of red blood cells.
e. imperfecta Diamond-Blackfan anemia.