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(dĕ-liv′ĕr) [L. deliberare, to free completely] 1. To aid in childbirth. 2. To give birth. 3. To remove or extract, as a tumor from a cystic enclosure or a cataract. 4. To deploy into the body, e.g., a stent in a blood vessel.


(di-liv′ĕ-rē) [Fr. fr L. deliberare, to set free] 1. Giving birth to a fetus, together with the placenta and membranes, by a parturient woman. SEE: labor. 2. The provision and administration of a therapeutic agent to a patient.

abdominal d. Delivery of a fetus by cesarean section.

assisted d. Assisted birth.

breech d. Delivery of the fetus that presents in the breech position, i.e., the buttocks are the first part of the body to be delivered. SYN: breech extraction. SEE: breech presentation.

early elective d. Elective d.

elective d. Aiding the birth of a newborn before the onset of uterine contractions or the spontaneous rupture of membranes. Common methods of elective delivery include the induction of labor and cesarean birth. SYN: early elective delivery.

forceps d. Delivery of a fetus by application of forceps to the fetal head. Outlet forceps deliveries are performed when the scalp of the fetus is visible at the vaginal introitus and the fetal skull has descended to the pelvic floor. Low forceps deliveries are performed when the fetal skull is at or above station +2 cm and not on the pelvic floor. Midforceps deliveries are performed when the station is above +2 cm but the head is engaged. High forceps deliveries, performed in the past, are no longer performed.

instrumental d. Operative d.

operative d. Delivery of a newborn by forceps, a vacuum-assist device, an episiotomy, or a cesarean section. SYN: instrumental d.

operative vaginal d. The use of forceps or a vacuum-assist device to deliver a newborn. Approx. 3.6% of American women deliver babies with operative vaginal assistance.

oxygen d. The amount of oxygen carried to the tissues, equal to the cardiac output multiplied by the oxygen content of arterial blood.

premature d. Preterm d.

preterm d. Delivery between the date of fetal viability and the end of the 37th week of gestation. SYN: premature d. SEE: preterm labor.

site-specific d. Any of the techniques to help a therapeutic agent concentrate in the organ where it will have the greatest effect. These include attaching a drug to a monoclonal antibody or administering prodrugs that are converted to active agents only in targeted cells.

spontaneous d. Delivery of an infant without external aid.

vaginal d. Expulsion of a fetus, placenta, ...

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