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(chap′lăn) [Fr. chapelain, fr. L. capellanus, fr. capella, chapel] A trained spiritual counselor (such as an imam, minister, priest, or rabbi) who works in a nonreligious institution to provide guidance and support.

Chapman sign

(chap′măn) Electrocardiographic evidence of myocardial infarction in patients with left bundle branch block or ventricular pacing, in which the upward stroke of the R wave in leads 1, aVL, or V6 is notched. The sign has good sensitivity but only fair specificity.


(chăpt) [ME. chappen] Inflamed, roughened, fissured, as from exposure to cold.


Childhood Health Assessment Questionnaire.


(kar′ăk-tĕr) [L. character Gr. charaktēr, engraving tool] 1. A person's pattern of thought and action, esp. regarding moral choices. Character differs from personality, although in psychiatry the terms are often used interchangeably. 2. The feature of an organism or individual that results from the expression of genetic information inherited from the parents.

character disorder

A personality disorder manifested by a chronic, habitual, maladaptive pattern of reaction that is relatively inflexible, limits the optimal use of potentialities, and often provokes the responses from the environment that the individual wants to avoid.


(kar″ăk-tĕ-ris′tik) [Gr. charaktēristikos, pert. to a stamp] 1. A trait or character typical of an organism or of an individual. 2. In logarithmic expressions, the number to the left of the decimal point, as distinguished from the mantissa, the number to the right of the decimal point.

acquired c. A trait or quality that was not inherited but results from environmental influence.

anal c. Anal personality.

dominant c. SEE: dominant.

primary sex c. An inherited trait that influences the development of the reproductive organs.

receiver operating c. Receiver operating curve.

recessive c. Recessive gene.

secondary sex c. A gender-related physical attribute that normally develops under the influence of sex hormones at puberty. Voice quality, facial hair, and body fat distribution are examples.

sex-conditioned c. A genetic trait carried by both sexes but expressed or inhibited by the sex of the individual.

sex-limited c. A trait present in only one sex even though the gene responsible is present in both sexes.

sex-linked c. A trait controlled by genes on the sex chromosomes. The X and Y chromosomes determine sex but also carry genes unrelated to sex. SYN: sex-linked gene.


(kăr′ăk-tĕr-īz″) To mark, identify, or describe the attributes of something. This helps to distinguish an ...

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