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(kăp″sū-lĕk′tō-mē) [L. capsula, little box, + Gr. ektome, excision] Surgical removal of a capsule.

capsule endoscopy

SEE: under endoscopy.


(kap″syŭ-līt′ĭs) [capsule + -itis] Inflammation of a capsule.

adhesive c. Fibrosis surrounding a joint that severely limits movement. It can result from arthritis, inflammation, or trauma.

adhesive c. of shoulder A condition that causes shoulder pain with restricted movement and, eventually, fibrosis of the glenohumeral joint. This may follow bursitis or tendinitis of the shoulder or may be associated with systemic conditions such as chronic pulmonary disease, myocardial infarction, or diabetes mellitus. Prolonged immobility of the arm favors development of adhesive capsulitis. The condition is more common in women after age 50. It may resolve spontaneously 12 to 18 months after onset or may result in permanent restriction of movement. Treatment includes injection of glucocorticoids; use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents and physical therapy may provide symptomatic relief; early range-of-motion exercises following an injury may prevent development of the disease; and manipulation of the shoulder while the patient is anesthetized may be of benefit. SYN: frozen shoulder; pericapsulitis.


(kăp″sū-lō-lĕn-tĭk′ū -lăr) [″ + lenticularis, pert. to a lens] Pert. to the capsule of the eye and the lens.


(kăp′sū-lō-plăs″tē) [″ + Gr. plassein, to mold] Plastic surgery of a capsule, esp. a joint capsule.


(kăp″sū-lor-ĕk′sĭs) A common method of cataract extraction in which a circular incision is made in the anterior capsule to permit lens extraction.


(kăp″sū-lor′ă-fē) [″ + Gr. rhaphe, seam, ridge] Suture of a joint capsule or of a tear in a capsule.


(kăp′sū-lō-tōm″) [″ + Gr. tome, incision] An instrument for incising the capsule of the crystalline lens.


(kăp″sū-lŏt′ō-mē) Cutting of a capsule of the lens or a joint.

laser c. The use of a laser to make a hole in the capsule surrounding the lens of the eye to let light pass. Extracapsular removal of a cataract allows the capsule surrounding the lens to remain in the eye; however, if the capsule becomes cloudy, laser capsulotomy is used to restore vision.

Captain of the Ship Doctrine

SEE: under doctrine.


Capture or uptake by cells or tissues; said especially of chemicals or radioactive isotopes.


The display of spoken words as text on a monitor, television or a movie screen to improve the comprehension of dialogue by ...

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