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vulvo-, vulv-

[L. volva, vulva, covering, womb] Prefixes meaning covering, vulva.


(vŭl″vō-kroo′răl) [L. vulva, covering, + cruralis, pert. to the leg] Pert. to the vulva and thigh.


(vŭl″vŏ-din′ē-ă) [vulvo- + -odynia] Nonspecific vulvar pain of unknown cause. Common complaints include sporadic pain, dyspareunia, and pruritus. A provisional diagnosis is based on the patient's symptoms, and an absence of any other vulvovaginal or systemic pathology. Palliative treatment is individualized; some women report relief of symptoms with an oxalate-restricted diet. SYN: vestibulodynia. SEE: vaginitis; candidal vaginitis; vulvar pruritus; vulvar vestibulitis syndrome.

The Vulvar Pain Foundation provides information and support for women with vulvodynia. Address: P.O. Box 4177, Graham, NC 27253; Telephone: 336-226-0704; website:

PATIENT CARE: The health care professional encourages the woman to express her feelings and concerns. Careful review of the woman's history focuses on identifying coexisting disorders, and noting those factors or events that preceded the symptoms and those that increase or decrease symptoms. Instruction for the patient's palliative self-care emphasizes personal hygiene, including care of the vulva, e.g., avoiding tight clothing, wearing 100% cotton underwear, using tampons and pads correctly; using hypoallergenic detergents; avoiding chemical irritants; reducing stress; identifying and treating infections; and offering local topical anesthetics. Other treatments include physical therapy, trigger point injections, sexual counseling, cognitive behavioral therapy, biofeedback, and some pain-relieving antidepressants or anticonvulsants. Most treatments are often partly effective, and some women have refractory symptoms.


(vŭl-vŏp′ă-thē) [″ + Gr. pathos, disease, suffering] Any disorder of the vulva.


(vŭl″vō-văj′ĭ-năl) [″ + vagina, a sheath] Pert. to the vulva and vagina. SYN: vaginovulvar.


(vŭl″vō-văj′ĭ-nī′tĭs) [″ + ″ + Gr. itis, inflammation] Simultaneous inflammation of the vulva and vagina, or of the vulvovaginal glands. The condition may be due to chemical irritation produced by materials present in medications, tight-fitting or nonabsorbent underclothes, inadequate perineal hygiene, allergic conditions, or infectious agents such as bacteria, yeasts, viruses, and parasites.

diabetic v. Mycotic vulvar infection commonly occurring in diabetes mellitus.

VURD syndrome

A combination of urinary tract abnormalities consisting of posterior urethral valves, unilateral urinary reflux, and dysplasia of the affected kidney. This condition typically occurs in male infants.




volume of dissolved substance per volume of solvent.


vessel wall.


volume of a substance per unit of weight (mass) of another component.



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