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(al-bū″mĭ-nol′ĭ-sis) [albumen + -lysis] An uncommon synonym for proteolysis. SEE: proteolysis.

albuminous, albuminose

(al-bū′mĭ-nŭs, al-bū′mĭ-nōs″) Pert. to, resembling, or containing albumin.

albumin test

Any chemical test for the presence of albumin, usually with electrophoresis, chromatography, spectrophotometry, spectrometry, or immunoassay, and sometimes by simple chemical reactions on dipsticks.


(al-bū-mĭ-noo′rē-ă) [albumen + -uria] The presence of easily detectable amounts of albumin in the urine. Albuminuria is a common sign of renal impairment, e.g., nephrotic syndrome; it also occurs in fever, malignant hypertension, and in healthy people after vigorous exercise. SEE: microalbuminuria; nephritis; nephrosis. albuminuretic (al-bū-mĭ-noo-rĕt″ik), adj. albuminuric (al-bū -mĭ-noor′ik), adj.

cyclic a. Presence of small amounts of albumin in the urine at regular diurnal intervals, esp. in childhood and adolescence.

orthostatic a. Postural a.

postural a. Transient albuminuria in normal people who have been erect for a long time. SYN: orthostatic albuminuria.


(al-bū′tĕr-ŏl″) A beta-2 receptor agonist used to treat bronchospasm, e.g. in patients with asthma or related conditions. It is primarily administered by inhalation, but is sometimes given as a tablet.


(al″kă-lij′ĕ-nēz″) [L. fr. Fr. alcali, alkali + -gen] A genus of gram-negative, aerobic bacilli normally found in the human intestinal tract, in dairy products, and in soil.

A. faecalis A species normally found in the human intestine. It has been associated with hospital-acquired septicemia and urinary tract infections.

A. xylosoxidans A species that does not ferment glucose. It has been implicated rarely in lung infections in patients with cystic fibrosis and in other health care associated infections in patients with immunosuppressing or malignant illnesses. SYN: Achromobacter xylosoxidans.


Anaplastic large cell lymphoma.

Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration

ABBR: ADAMHA. A U.S. government agency that is part of the National Institutes of Health. The agency administers grant programs supporting research, training, and service programs in alcoholism, drug abuse, and mental health.

alcohol-dependent sleep disorder

Inability to sleep without consuming alcohol. The alcohol is used as a sedative/hypnotic drug.


(al-kŏ-hol′ik) [alcohol + -ic] 1. Pert. to alcohol. 2. One afflicted with alcoholism.

Alcoholics Anonymous

ABBR: AA. An organization consisting of alcoholics and recovering alcoholics who are trying to help themselves and others abstain from alcohol by offering encouragement and discussing experiences, problems, feelings, and techniques. The organization has groups in most U.S. cities; local chapters ...

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