RT Book, Section A1 Norkin, Cynthia C. A1 White, D. Joyce SR Print(0) ID 1156629434 T1 Normative Range of Motion Values T2 Measurement of Joint Motion: A Guide to Goniometry, 5e YR 2016 FD 2016 PB McGraw-Hill Education PP New York, NY SN 9780803645660 LK fadavispt.mhmedical.com/content.aspx?aid=1156629434 RD 2020/09/29 AB Table Graphic Jump LocationTABLE A.1Shoulder, Elbow, Forearm, and Wrist Motion: Mean Values in DegreesView Table|Favorite Table|Download (.pdf)TABLE A.1Shoulder, Elbow, Forearm, and Wrist Motion: Mean Values in DegreesAuthorWanatabe et al*1Boone and Azen2Green and Wolf3Walker et al4Macedo and Magee5AAOS6AMA70–2 yr n = 451–54 yr n = 109 M18–55 yr n = 20 (10 M, 10 F)65–85 yr n = 60 (30 M, 30 F)18–59 yr n = 90 F MotionShoulder ComplexFlexion172–180167156165188180≥180Extension78–8962—447060≥50Abduction177–187184168165188180≥170Medial rotation72–906949629470≥80Lateral rotation118–134104848110890≥60Elbow and ForearmFlexion148–158143145143149150≥140Extension—104†20≥0Pronation90–967684719280≥80Supination81–938277749680≥80WristFlexion88–967673649380≥60Extension82–897565638670≥60Radial deviation—2225191820≥20Ulnar deviation—3639264130≥30AAOS = American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons; AMA = American Medical Association; M = Males; F = Females.All values obtained with a universal goniometer.*Values in this column represent a range of means.†Value refers to extension limitation.