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ileac

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(il′ē-ăk) 1. Ileal. 2. Pert. to the ileus.

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ileal

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(il′ē-ăl) [ileum + -ac] Pert. to the ileum. SYN: ileac.

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ileal conduit

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SEE: under conduit.

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ileal pouch anal anastomosis

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A reservoir constructed in the terminal ileum of patients who have undergone colectomy, designed to create fecal continence. The pouch may be sewn or stapled together in a J-, W-, or S-shape. The procedure is complicated by inflammation ("pouchitis") in about 50% or by stricture formation in about 10% of patients.

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ileitis

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(il″ē-īt′ĭs) [ileum + -itis] Inflammation of the ileum. The most common cause is Crohn disease. SEE: Crohn disease; inflammatory bowel disease.

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SYMPTOMS: Patients may have pain in the right lower quadrant of the abdomen, often with diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, weight loss, and fevers. The stool may contain pus, blood, or mucus.

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backwash i. Ileitis in which the contents of the colon flow backward into the last segment of the small intestine. It can occur in ulcerative colitis and is a risk factor for colon cancer.

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regional i. Crohn disease.

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ileo-, ile-

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[L. ile, ileum, ilium, pl. ilia, area of the abdomen from the lowest rib to the pubes; flank, groin] Prefixes meaning ileum. Ileo- and ile- usually refer to the last part of the small intestine (ileum). SEE: ilio-.

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ileocecal

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(il′ē-ō-sē′kăl) [ileo- + cecal] Pert. to the ileum and cecum.

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ileocecostomy

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(ĭl″ē-ō-sē-kŏs′tō-mē) [″ + ″ + Gr. stoma, opening] The surgical formation of an opening between the ileum and cecum.

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ileocolic

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(il″ē-ō-kol′ik) [ileo- + colic (2)] Pert. to the ileum and colon.

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ileocolitis

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(ĭl″ē-ō-kō-lī′tĭs) [″ + ″ + itis, inflammation] Inflammatory bowel disease.

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ileocolonoscopy

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(ĭl″ō-kō″lŏn-ŏs′kō-pē) [″ +″] Endoscopic examination of the distal gastrointestinal tract, including the rectum, colon, and terminal ileum.

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ileocolostomy

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(ĭl″ē-ō-kō-lŏs′tō-mē) [″ + ″ + stoma, mouth] An anastomosis between the ileum and the colon.

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ileocolotomy

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(ĭl″ē-ō-kō-lŏt′ō-mē) [″ + ″ + tome, incision] An incision of the ileum and colon.

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ileocystoplasty

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(ĭl″ē-ō-sĭst′ō-plăs″tē) [″ + Gr. kystis, bladder, plassein, to form] The use of an isolated ileal segment to increase the size of the bladder.

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ileocystostomy

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(ĭl″ē-ō-sĭs-tŏs′tō-mē) [″ + ″ + stoma, mouth] The use of an isolated segment of ileum to replace an absent, diseased, ...

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