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dysmetabolic syndrome

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(dis-met″ă-bol′ik) [dys- + metabolic] Metabolic syndrome.

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dysmetria

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(dis-mē′trē-ă) [dys- + 1metro- + -ia] An inability to control the range of movement of a body part, e.g., on trying to touch an object with an index finger.

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dysmetropsia

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(dĭs″mĕ-trŏp′sē-ă) [″ + ″ + opsis, vision] Inability to visualize correctly the size and shape of things.

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dysmorphic

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(dĭs-mor′fĭk) Misshapen.

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dysmorphophobia

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(dis″mor″fŏ-fō′bē-ă) [dys- + morpho- + -phobia] A phobia of being deformed or the illusion that one is deformed.

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dysmotility

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(dĭs′mō-tĭl″ĭ-tī) Any abnormality of smooth muscle function in the gastrointestinal tract, such as gastroparesis, gastric atony, intestinal pseudo-obstruction, or biliary dyskinesia.

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dysmyotonia

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(dĭs″mī-ō-tō′nē-ă) [″ + mys, muscle, + tonos, tone] Muscle atony; abnormal muscle tonicity.

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dysnomia

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(dis-nō′mē-ă) An aphasia in which the patient forgets words or has difficulty finding words for written or oral expression.

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dysodontiasis

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(dĭs″ō-dŏn-tī′ă-sĭs) [″ + odous, tooth, + -iasis, process] Painful or difficult dentition.

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dysontogenesis

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(dĭs″ŏn-tō-jĕn′ĕ-sĭs) [″ + ontos, being, + gennan, to produce] Defective development of an organism, esp. of an embryo. dysontogenetic (dĭs″ŏn-tō-jĕ-nĕt′ik), adj.

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dysopia, dysopsia

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(dis-ō′pē-ă, dis-op′sē-ă) [″ + opsis, vision] Defective vision.

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dysostosis

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(dis″os-tō′sĭs) [dys-, + ostosis] Defective ossification.

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cleidocranial d. A congenital anomaly of bone and connective tissue characterized by cranial and facial malformation and incomplete development of the clavicles.

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mandibulofacial d. A condition marked by hypoplasia of the facial bones, downward sloping of the palpebral tissues, and malformation of the ears. It occurs in two forms thought to be autosomal dominants.

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maxillofacial d. Hypoplasia of the maxillae and nasal bones resulting in a flattened face, elongated nose, and small maxillary arch with crowding or malocclusion of teeth. SYN: Binder syndrome; maxillofacial syndrome. SEE: Ellis-van Creveld syndrome; Weyers acrofacial dysostosis.

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dyspareunia

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(dis″pă-roo′nē-ă) [dys- + pareunos, lying beside + -ia] Pain in the labia, vagina, or pelvis during or after sexual intercourse.

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ETIOLOGY: Causes are infections in the reproductive tract, inadequate vaginal lubrication, uterine myomata, endometriosis, atrophy of the vaginal mucosa, psychosomatic disorders, and vaginal foreign bodies.

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TREATMENT: Topically applied lidocaine jelly helps alleviate pain in some women. Counseling should also be given regarding the use of water soluble vaginal and vulvar lubrication.

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dyspepsia

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(dis-pep′shă, sē-ă) [dys- + Gr. pepsis, digestion + -ia] Upper abdominal discomfort, often chronic or persistent; ...

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