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cystitomy

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(sĭs-tĭt′ō-mē) 1. Surgical incision of a cavity. 2. Incision of the capsule of the crystalline lens.

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cysto-, cyst-

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[Gr. kystis, bladder] Prefixes meaning the urinary bladder or a cyst.

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cystoadenoma

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(sĭs″tō-ăd″ĕ-nō′mă) [″ + aden, gland, + oma, tumor] A tumor containing cystic and adenomatous elements.

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cystocele

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(sis′tŏ-sēl″) [cysto- + -cele] A bladder hernia that protrudes into the vagina. It occurs when the fascia separating the two organs is weakened or damaged, e.g., as a result of obstetrical or surgical trauma. SYN: vesicocele.

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cystocentesis

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(sis″tō-sen-tē′sĭs) [cysto- + centesis] Inserting a needle into the urinary bladder, typically via a suprapubic approach. It is one method used to obtain a sterile urine specimen for microbiological analysis (culture and sensitivity).

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cystodiaphanoscopy

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(sĭs″tō-dī″ă-făn-ŏs′kō-pē) [″ + dia, through, + phanein, to shine, + skopein, to examine] Transillumination of the abdomen by an electric light in the bladder.

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cystoelytroplasty

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(sĭs″tō-ē-lĭt′rō-plăs-tē) [″ + elytron, sheath, + plassein, to form] Repair of a vesicovaginal fistula.

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cystoepiplocele

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(sĭs″tō-ē-pĭp′lō-sēl) [″ + epiploon, omentum, + kele, tumor, swelling] Herniation of a portion of the bladder and the omentum.

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cystoepithelioma

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(sĭs″tō-ĕp″ĭ-thē″lē-ō′ mă) [″ + epi, upon, + thele, nipple, + oma, tumor] Epithelioma in the stage of cystic degeneration.

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cystofibroma

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(sĭs″tō-fī-brō′mă) [″ + L. fibra, fiber, + Gr. oma, tumor] Fibrous tumor containing cysts.

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cystogastrostomy

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(sĭs″tō-găs-trŏs′tōmē) [″ + gaster, stomach, + stoma, mouth] Joining an adjacent cyst, usually of the pancreas, to the stomach.

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cystogram

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(sĭs′tō-grăm) [″ + gramma, something written] A radiograph of the bladder.

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cystography

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(sĭs-tŏg′ră-fē) [″ + graphein, to write] Radiography of any cyst into which a contrast medium has been instilled, esp. the bladder.

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cystoid

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(sĭs′toyd) [″ + eidos, form, shape] Resembling a cyst.

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Cystoisospora

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(sis″tō-ī-sos′pŏ-ră) [cysto- + Isospora] The preferred name for the genus of protozoans formerly known as Isospora. SEE: Isospora.

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cystojejunostomy

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(sĭs″tō-jē-jū-nŏs′tōmē) [″ + L. jejunum, empty, + Gr. stoma, mouth] Joining of an adjacent cyst to the jejunum.

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cystolith

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(sĭs′tō-lĭth) [″ + lithos, stone] Vesical calculus. cystolithic (sĭs″tō-lĭth′ĭk), adj.

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cystolithectomy

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(sĭs-tō-lĭ-thĕk′tō-mē) [″ + lithos, stone, + ektome, excision] Excision of a stone from the bladder.

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cystolithiasis

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(sĭs-tō-lĭ-thī′ă-sĭs) [Gr. cysto- + litho- + -iasis] Formation of stones in the urinary bladder.

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