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-crania

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[L. cranium, fr Gr. kranion + -ia] Suffix meaning condition of the skull or head, e.g., acrania, platycrania.

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cranial

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(krā′nē-ăl) [L. cranialis] Pert. to the cranium.

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cranial vault

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Neurocranium

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craniectomy

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(krā-nē-ek′tŏ-mē) [ cranio- + -ectomy] Opening of the skull and removal of a portion of it to facilitate brain surgery.

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cranio-, crani-

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[L. fr. Gr. kranion, skull] Prefixes meaning skull.

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craniocaudal

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(krā″nē-ō-kawd′ăl) [″ + L. cauda, tail] Direction from head to foot.

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craniocele

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(krā′nē-ō-sēl) [″ + kele, tumor, swelling] Protrusion of the brain from the skull. SEE: encephalocele.

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craniocerebral

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(krā″nē-ō-sĕr-ē′brăl) [″ + L. cerebrum, brain] Relating to the skull and brain.

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craniocleidodysostosis

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(krā″nē-ō-klī″dō-dĭs-ŏs-tō′sĭs) [″ + kleis, clavicle, + dys, bad, + osteon, bone, + osis, condition] A congenital condition that involves defective ossification of the bones of the head and face and of the clavicles.

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craniodidymus

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(krā″nē-ō-dĭd′ĭ-mŭs) [″ + didymos, twin] A congenitally deformed fetus with two heads.

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craniofacial

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(krā″nē-ō-fā′shăl) Concerning the head and face.

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craniofrontonasal syndrome

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(krā″nē-ō-frŭn″tō-nā′zĭl) [″ + ″ + ″] An X-linked disorder characterized by malformation of the cranial suture of the skull. Girls born with this disorder are more severely affected than boys, i.e., they are more likely to have dysmorphic facial and cranial features.

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craniology

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(krā″nē-ŏl′ō-jē) [″ + logos, word, reason] The study of the skull.

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craniomalacia

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(krā-nē-ō-mă-lā′ shē-ă) [″ + malakia, softening] Softening of the skull bones.

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craniometer

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(krā-nē-ŏm′ĕ-tĕr) [″ + metron, measure] Instrument for making cranial measurements.

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craniometry

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(krā-nē-ŏm′ĕ-trē) [″ + metron, measure] Study of the skull and measurement of its bones. SEE: illus.

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CRANIOMETRIC POINTS

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These are the fixed points of the skull used in craniometry: 1) acanthion; 2) asterion; 3) basion; 4) bregma; 5) condylion; 6) coronion or koronion; 7) crotaphion; 8) dacryon; 9) entomion; 10) glabella or metopion; 11) gnathion; 12) gonion; 13) infradentale; 14) inion; 15) jugale; 6) koronion; 16) mastoidale; 10) metopion; 17) nasion; 18) obelion; 19) opisthion; 20) orbitale; 21) pogonion; 22) porion; 23) prosthion; 24) pterion; 25) rhinion; 26) sphenion; 27) stephanion; 28) symphysion; 29) zygion; 30) zygomaxillary point.

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craniopagus

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(krā-nē-ŏp′ă-gŭs) [″ + pagos, a fixed or solid thing] Twins joined at the skulls.

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craniopharyngioma

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(krā″nē-ō-fă-rin″jē-ō′mă) [cranio- + pharyng- + -oma] ...

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