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arthritogenic

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(ar-thrit″ŏ-jen″ik) [ar-thrit(is) + -genic] Capable of causing or accelerating arthritis (inflammation of the joints). arthritogenicity (ar-thrit″ŏ-jĕ-nis′it-ē), n.

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arthro-, arthr-

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[Gr. arthron, joint] Prefixes meaning joint.

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arthrocentesis

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(ar″thrō-sen-tē′sĭs) [arthro- + centesis] Entry into a joint space with a needle to remove fluid. SEE: illus.

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ARTHROCENTESIS

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arthroclasia

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(ar″thrō-klā′zh(ē-)ă) [ar-thro- + -clasis + -ia] The intentional breaking of adhesions of an ankylosed joint to provide movement.

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arthrodesis

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(ar-throd′ĕ-sĭs) [arthro- + -desis] The fusion of two bones.

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arthrogram

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(ar′thrŏ-gram″) [arthro- + -gram] Visualization of a joint by radiographic study after injection of a contrast medium into the joint space.

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arthrography

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(ar-throg′ră-fē) [arthro- + -graphy] 1. Radiography of a joint. 2. Radiography of a synovial joint after injection of a contrast medium. The medium may be radiolucent (air), radiopaque, or both. arthrographic (ar″thrŏ-graf′ik), adj.

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magnetic resonance a. Imaging of joint diseases with magnetic resonance technologies, typically after the injection of a contrast agent into the affected joint.

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arthrogryposis

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(ar″thrō″grĭ-pō′sĭs) [ar-thro- + gryposis] Fixation of a joint in a flexed or contracted position. The gryposis may be due to adhesions in or around the joint.

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a. multiplex congenita A congenital generalized arthrogryposis resulting from changes in the spinal cord, muscles, or connective tissue.

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arthrokinematics

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(ar″thrō-kin″ĕ-mat′iks) [arthro- + kinematics] Description of the movement of the joint surfaces when a bone moves through a range of motion. Arthrokinematic movements include rolling and gliding of a joint arthrokinematic, adj.

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arthrology

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(ar-throl′ŏ-jē) [arthro- + -logy] The scientific study of joints.

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arthrolysis

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(ar-throl′ĭ-sĭs) [arthro- + -lysis] An operation to restore mobility to an ankylosed joint.

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arthropathy

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(ar-throp′ă-thē) [arthro- + -pathy] Any joint disease.

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Charcot a. SEE: under Charcot, Jean M.

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inflammatory a. An inflammatory joint disease, such as rheumatoid arthritis.

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neuropathic a. Disruption or destruction of bone, cartilage, and joints resulting from diminished sensation in a limb, e.g., Charcot joint.

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arthroplasty

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(ar′thrŏ-plas″tē) [arthro- + -plasty] Surgery to reshape, reconstruct, or replace a diseased or damaged joint. This may be done to alleviate pain, to permit normal function, or to correct a developmental, accidental, or hereditary joint defect.

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INCIDENCE: About 1, 000, 000 hip or knee arthroplasties are performed in ...

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