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arterio-, arteri-

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[L. fr. Gr. artēria, windpipe, artery] Prefixes meaning relationship to an artery.

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arteriogram

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(ar-tēr′ē-ŏ-gram″) [arterio- + -gram] A radiograph of an artery after injection of a radiopaque contrast medium, usually directly into the artery or near its origin. SEE: angiogram.

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arteriography

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(ar″tēr-ē-og′ră-fē) [arterio- + -graphy] 1. A radiographic procedure for obtaining an arteriogram. SEE: angiography. 2. A description of arteries.

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extremity a. Peripheral angiography.

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peripheral a. Peripheral angiography. arteriographic (-ē-ŏ-graf′ik), adj. arteriographically (i-k(ă-)lē), adv.

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arteriol-, arteriolo-

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[L. f. Gr. artēria, windpipe, artery + diminutive suffix -ole] Prefixes meaning arteriole.

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arteriole

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(ar-tēr′ē-ōl″) [arteriola] A minute artery, esp. one that, at its distal end, leads into a capillary. SEE: arteriola.

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inferior temporal retinal a., inferior temporal a. of retina An arteriole of the central artery of the retina, supplying the inferior temporal area of the retina. SYN: arteriola temporalis retinae inferior.

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superior nasal retinal a., superior nasal a. of retina An arteriole of the central artery of the retina, supplying the superior nasal area of the retina. SYN: arteriola nasalis retinae superior. arteriolar (ar-tēr″ē-ō′lar″), adj.

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arteriolosclerosis

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(ar-tēr″ē-ō″lō-sklĕ-rō′sĭs) [arteriole + sclerosis] Thickening of the walls of the arterioles, with loss of elasticity and contractility. arteriolosclerotic (ar-tēr″ē-ō″lō-sklĕ-rot′ĭk), adj.

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arteriopathy

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(ar″tēr-ē-op′ă-thē) [arterio- + -pathy] A disease of the arteries.

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obliterative a. In organ transplantation, diffuse concentric stenosis of the arteries of the graft due to immunologic rejection. It is characterized pathologically by hyperplastic scarring of the intima of affected arteries and infiltration by foam cells.

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arterioplasty

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(ar-tēr″ē-ō-plas′tē) [arterio- + -plasty] Repair or reconstruction of an artery.

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arteriosclerosis

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(ar-tēr″ē-ō-sklĕ-rō′sĭs) [arterio- + sclerosis] A disease of the arterial vessels marked by thickening and loss of elasticity in the arterial walls. It is known colloquially as "hardening of the arteries." Three forms of arteriosclerosis are generally recognized: atherosclerosis, arteriolosclerosis, and Mönckeberg's calcification. Atherosclerosis (the accumulation of fat in blood vessel walls) is the single most important cause of disease and death in Western societies. arteriosclerotic (-rot′ik), adj. SEE: atherosclerosis.

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a. obliterans Arteriosclerosis in which the lumen of the artery is completely occluded.

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arteriotomy

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(ar″tēr-ē-ot′ŏ-mē) [arterio- + -tomy] Surgical division or opening of an artery.

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arteriovenous

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(ar-tēr″ē-ō-vē′nŭs) [arterio- + venous] ABBR: A-V, AV. Pert. to both arteries and veins.

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arteriovenous access

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