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abutment

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(ă-bŭt′mĕnt) [Fr. abouter, to place end to end] 1. A structure that provides support for fixed restorations and prosthetic devices. 2. In dentistry, natural teeth or implants serving to support fixed restorations (bridges or prosthetic devices).

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ABVD

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A(driamycin), b(leomycin), v(inblastine), and d(acarbazine), a combination of chemotherapeutic agents for treating Hodgkin's lymphoma.

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abzyme

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(ab′zīm″) [ab, abbr. for antibody + (en)zyme] A monoclonal antibody that acts as a catalyst. SYN: catalytic antibody; catmab.

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AC

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acromioclavicular; adrenal cortex; air conduction; alternating current; anodal closure; axiocervical.

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A4C

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apical four-chamber view.

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-ac

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[L. -acus, Gr. -akos, adj. suffix] 1. A variant of the suffix -ic, used with Greek nouns whose stems end in -i, e,g., cardiac, from cardi- and maniac, from mani-. 2. In pharmacology, a suffix designating an anti-inflammatory drug derived from acetic acid.

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a.c.

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L. ante cibum, before meals.

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acacia

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(ă-kā shă) [L. acacia fr. Gr. akakia, Egyptian thorn] 1. Any of a large genus of trees (Acacia) native to the warm regions of the world. 2. Gum arabic.

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gum a. Gum arabic.

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academic dishonesty

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Intentional participation in deceptive practices in one's academic work or the work of others. Examples include cheating, fraud, plagiarism, or falsification of research results.

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Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine

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ABBR: ABM. An international professional association of physicians who promote, study, and support breastfeeding and maternal lactation.

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acalculia

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(ā″kal-kū′lē-ă) [a- + L. calculare, to reckon] A learning or speech disorder characterized by the inability to perform simple arithmetic operations.

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acampsia

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(ă-kamp′sē-ă) [a- + Gr. kamptein, to bend] Inflexibility of the joints of a limb; rigidity; ankylosis.

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acantha

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(ă-kan′thă) [Gr. akantha, thorn] 1. The spine. 2. A vertebral spinous process.

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Acanthamoeba

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(ă-kan″thă-mē′bă) [acanth- + amoeba] A genus of amoeba, found in soil and fresh water. Some species are opportunists that cause infections in humans and other animals, e.g., granulomatous amebic encephalitis. SEE: granulomatous amebic encephalitis.

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acanthesthesia

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(ă-kan″thes-thē′zh(ē-)ă) [acanth- + -esthesia] A sensation as of a pinprick; a form of paresthesia.

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acantho-, acanth-

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[Gr. akantha, thorn] Combining forms meaning thorn, spine.

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Acanthocephala

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(ă-kan″thŏ-sef′ă-lă) [acantho- + Gr. kephalē, head] A phylum of parasitic worms. Their usual hosts are fish and birds. SYN: proboscis worms; spiny-headed worms; thorny-headed worms.

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acanthocyte

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