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Theory of Adaptation During Childbearing

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A theory (developed by Jacqueline Fawcett) that describes the changes in family relationships, functional status, and psychosocial interactions of mothers during pregnancy and the postpartum.

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Theory of Clinical Nursing

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A nursing theory developed by Reva Rubin that focuses on patients' experiences of tension or stress during illness. The goal of nursing is to help patients adjust to, endure through, and usefully integrate health problem situations.

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Theory of Culture Care Diversity and Universality

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A nursing theory developed by Madeleine Leininger that focuses on diversities and universalities in human care. The goal of nursing is to provide culturally congruent care to people.

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Theory of Goal Attainment

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A middle-range nursing theory developed by Imogene King that helps to identify the nature of nurse-client interactions leading to goal attainment. This theory concentrates on working with clients to attain, maintain, and restore health through communication, goal setting, and goal achievement. SEE: general systems framework.

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Theory of Health as Expanding Consciousness

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A nursing theory developed by Margaret Newman that proposes that all people in every situation, no matter how disordered and hopeless the situation may seem, are part of a universal process of expanding consciousness. The goal of nursing is the authentic involvement of nurse and patient in a mutual relationship of pattern recognition and augmentation.

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Theory of Human Becoming

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A nursing theory developed by Rosemarie Parse that focuses on the individual's experiences of health. The goal of nursing is to respect and facilitate the quality of life as perceived by the individual and the family. Also known as the Human becoming School of Thought.

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Theory of Human Caring

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A nursing theory developed by Jean Watson that focuses on the transpersonal caring relationship between nurse and patient and the caring actions or interventions used by nurses. The goal of nursing is to help individuals to gain a higher degree of harmony within the mind, body, and soul through the use of 10 clinical caritas processes (initially called carative factors). Use of these processes helps foster a caring relationship between the nurse and the patient.

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Theory of Interpersonal Relations

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A nursing theory developed by Hildegard Peplau that identifies the three phases of the interpersonal process between the nurse and the patient: orientation, working, and termination. In this theory, the goal of nursing is to resolve the patient's perceived health difficulties.

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Theory of Modeling and Role Modeling

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ABBR: MRM. A nursing theory in which the nurse uses the client's assumptions and beliefs on health and disease to plan and implement sound, holistic, and healing interventions. MRM was developed by Helen Cook Erickson, Evelyn Malcolm Tomlin, and Mary Ann Price ...

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