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sodium modeling

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Titration of sodium concentrations during hemodialysis to relieve the muscle cramping, nausea, vomiting, and blood pressure fluctuations sometimes seen during the procedure.

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sodium polyanethol sulfonate

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SEE: under sodium.

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sodium restriction

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Limitation of the intake of sodium chloride (table salt) in the diet. SEE: low-sodium diet.

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sodomite, sodomist

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(sod′ŏ-mīt″, sod′ŏ-mist) [L. Sodoma, in Genesis 19, an ancient city destroyed because of its wickedness] A person who practices sodomy.

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sodomy

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(sod′ŏ-mē) [L. Sodoma, in Genesis 19, an ancient city destroyed because of its wickedness] 1. Anal or oral intercourse with a member of the same or of the opposite sex. 2. Intercourse with an animal; bestiality.

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Soemmering, Samuel T. von

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(sem′ĕr-ing) Samuel Thomas von Soemmering, Ger. anatomist, 1755–1830.

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S. ring An annular swelling of the periphery of the lens capsule.

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SOFAS

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Social and Occupational Functioning Assessment Scale.

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soft

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(soft) Not hard, firm, or solid.

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softcopy, soft copy

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(soft′kop″ē) An electronic or digitized document. Softcopy images in radiology are stored digital images that can be manipulated to highlight or enhance image quality and radiologic interpretation. They are often used to assure quality of imaging systems in radiology.

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soft drink

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A nonalcoholic beverage, typically made of soda water with added phosphoric acid, carbonation, and sweeteners.

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softening

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(sof′ ĕn-ing) The process of becoming soft. SYN: malacia.

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s. of bones Osteomalacia.

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white s. The stage of softening of tissue in which the affected area has become white and anemic.

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soft lens-associated corneal hypoxia

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SEE: under hypoxia.

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soft tissue

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SEE: under tissue.

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soft tissue expansion

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A technique in plastic surgery for expanding skin before excising an area to achieve a more cosmetic wound closure. One or more expander balloons are inserted under the skin. The balloons are then expanded by progressively increasing the amount of saline solution in them. This is done every week for the time necessary to sufficiently stretch the overlying skin. After the expansion is completed, the plastic surgery is performed. This may eliminate the need for a skin graft. SEE: plastic surgery; W-plasty; Z-plasty.

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S-OIV

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swine-origin influenza virus. SEE: swine influenza.

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sol

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(sol, sōl) [Shortening of hydrosol] 1. The state of a colloid system in which the dispersion medium or solvent forms a continuous phase in ...

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