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prevention

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(pri-ven′shŏn) The anticipation of harm, disease, or injury and the measures taken to block their effects. SEE: preventive nursing; preventive medicine.

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fall and injury p. SEE: fall and injury prevention.

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infection p. Infection control.

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primary p. Limiting the spread of illness to previously unaffected patients or populations.

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rape and sexual assault p. SEE: Rape and sexual assault prevention.

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secondary p. Limiting the impact or the recurrence of an illness in its preclinical stage or early clinical stage in patients already afflicted by it.

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tertiary p. Limiting disability and other complications already present in the advanced or terminal stages of disease. Terminally ill patients should be assisted to achieve a peaceful death. Safety must be maintained both for caregivers and the patients' significant others. Contacts should be tracked and tested.

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preventionist

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(prĕ-ven′shŏ-nist″) In the health care professions, one who specializes in limiting the spread or the consequences of diseases. preventionism (prĕ-ven′shŏ-nizm), n. preventionist, adj.

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preventive

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(pri-vent′iv) Hindering the occurrence of something, esp. disease. SEE: prophylactic (1).

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preventive medicine

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SEE: under medicine; prevention; preventive nursing.

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prevertebral

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(prē-vĕrt′ĕ-brăl) [pre- + vertebral] Anterior to a vertebra, vertebrae, or to the vertebral column

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previa, praevia

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(prē′vē-ă) [L.] Appearing before or in front of.

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previable

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(prē″ vī′ ā-bĭl) Pert. to a fetus not sufficiently mature to survive outside the uterus.

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Prevnar

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(prĕv′năr) Pneumococcal sevenvalent conjugate vaccine

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prevocational evaluation

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(prē-vō-kā′shŭn-ăl) In rehabilitation, the assessment of those interests, aptitudes, abilities, and behavioral traits that are necessary for developing or performing specific job skills.

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Prevotella

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(prē-vŏ-tel′ ă) A genus of gram-negative, rod-shaped, anaerobic bacteria that colonizes the oral cavity and genital organs. Members of the genus cause abscesses, blood-borne infections, genital infections, periodonitis, and wound infections.

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P. bivia A species found in the vagina and often associated with bacterial vaginosis.

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prezygotic

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(prē″zī-got′ik) [pre- + zygotic] In the reproductive process, pert. to or occurring before the union of the gametes, i.e., before a zygote is formed.

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prezygotically(prē″zī-got′i-k(ă-)lē),adv. SEE: postzygotic; zygote.

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priapism

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(prī′ă-pizm) Abnormal, painful, and continued erection of the penis caused by disease, occurring usually without sexual desire. SEE: erection.

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CAUSES: It may be due to lesions of the spinal cord above the lumbar region or to peripheral sensory irritants. ...

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