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palatine

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(pal′ă-tīn″) 1. Pert. to the palate. 2. Pert. to the rear palatal bones.

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palatopharyngeal

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(pal″ăt-ō-far″ĭn-jē′ăl, pal″ăt-ō-fă-rin′j(ē-)ăl) [palate + pharyngeal] Pert. to the palate and pharynx.

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palatopharyngeus

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(pal″ăt-ō-far″ĭn-jē′ ŭs, pal″ăt-ō-fă-rin′j(ē-)ŭs) [palate + pharynx] The muscle arising from thyroid cartilage and pharyngeal wall, extending upward into the posterior pillar, and inserting into the aponeurosis of the soft palate. It constricts the pharyngeal isthmus, raises the larynx, and depresses the soft palate.

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palatoplasty

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(păl′ăt-ō-plăs″tē) [″ + Gr. plassein, to form] Plastic surgery of the palate, usually to correct a cleft. SEE: staphylorrhaphy.

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paleogenetic

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(pā″lē-ō-jĕ-net′ik) [Gr. palaios, old + genetic] Originating in a previous generation.

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paleontology

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(pā″lē-on″tol′ŏ-jē) [Gr. palaios, old + Gr. onta, existing things + -logy] The branch of biology dealing with ancient plant and animal life of the earth.

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paleopathology

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(pā″lē-ō-pă-thŏl′ō-jē) [Gr. palaios, old + pathology] The study of diseases in the remains of bodies and fossils of ancient times.

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paleostriatum

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(pā″lē-ō-strī-ā′tŭm) [Gr. palaios, old + striatum] The phylogenetically older part of the striatum. SEE: neostriatum; striatum.

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pali-, palin-

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[Gr. palin, backward, again] Prefixes meaning recurrence, repetition.

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palindromic

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(păl-ĭn-drŏm′ĭk) Relapsing.

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palladium

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(pă-lād′ē-ŭm) [L. palladium, named after the contemporaneous (1803) discovery of the asteroid Pallas (Athena)] SYMB: Pd. A transition metal; atomic weight 106.4; atomic number 46. It is used in dentistry and surgical instruments.

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palliate

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(păl′ē-āt) [L. palliatus, cloaked] To ease or reduce effect or intensity, esp. of a disease; to allay temporarily, as pain, without curing.

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palliation

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(păl″ē-ā′shŭn) [L. palliare, to cloak, conceal] The alleviation of some aspects of a disease, e.g., the reduction of the pain and suffering accompanying an illness.

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palliative

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(păl′ē-ā″tĭv) 1. Relieving or alleviating without curing. 2. An agent that alleviates or eases a painful or uncomfortable condition.

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palliative treatment

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Treatment designed to relieve symptoms of disease rather than to cure it. SEE: table.

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pallid

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(păl′ĭd) [L. pallidus, pale] Lacking color, pale, wan.

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pallidal

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(pal′ ĭd-ăl) Pert. to the pallidum (globus pallidus) of the brain. SEE: globus pallidus.

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pallidotomy

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(păl″ĭ-dŏt′ō-mē) [″ + Gr. tome, incision] Surgical destruction of the globus pallidus done to treat involuntary movements or muscular rigidity. The procedure is used experimentally in ...

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