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neuroradiography

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(nū″rō-rā″dē-ŏg′ră-fē) [″ + L. radius, ray, + Gr. graphein, to write] Radiography of the structures of the nervous system.

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neuroradiology

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(nū″rō-rā″dē-ŏl′ō-jē) [″ + ″ + Gr. logos, word, reason] The branch of medicine that utilizes radiography for diagnosis of pathology of the nervous system.

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neurorehabilitation

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(noor″ō-rē″hă-bil″ĭ-tā′shŏn) [neuro- + rehabilitation] Any technique or technology used to foster recovery from brain injuries or strokes.

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neuroretinitis

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(nū″rō-rĕt″ĭn-ī′tĭs) [″ + L. retina, retina, + Gr. itis, inflammation] Inflammation of the optic nerve and retina.

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neuroretinopathy

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(nū″rō-rĕt″ĭ-nŏp′ă-thē) [″ + ″ + Gr. pathos, disease, suffering] Pathology of the retina and optic nerve.

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neurorobotics

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(noor″ō-rō-bot′iks) [neuro- +robotics] The incorporation of software inside prosthetics or other machines that is capable of sensing and responding to the environment.

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neurorrhaphy

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(nū-ror′ă-fē) [″ + rhaphe, seam, ridge] The suturing of the ends of a severed nerve.

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neurosarcoma

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(nū″rō-săr-kō′mă) [″ + ″ + oma, tumor] A sarcoma containing neuromatous components.

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neuroscience

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(nū″rō-sī′ĕns) Any one of the various branches of science, e.g., embryology, anatomy, physiology, histopathology, biochemistry, pharmacology, concerned with the growth, development, and function of the nervous system.

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neurosecretion

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(noor″ō-sĕ-krē′ shŏn, nūr″ ō-sĕ-krē′shŏn) [neuro- + secretion] The manufacture and discharge of chemicals by neurons, such as the secretion of hormones by cells of the hypothalamus or anterior pituitary. neurosecretory (noor″ō-sē′krĕ-tor″ē, nūr″ō-sē′krĕ-tor″ē), adj.

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neurosensory

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(nū″rō-sĕn′sō-rē) [″ + L. sensorius, pert. to a sensation] Pert. to a sensory nerve.

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neurosis

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(noor-ō′sĭs, noor-ō′sēz″) pl. neuroses [neuro- + -sis] 1. In traditional, e.g., Freudian, psychiatry, an unconscious conflict that produces anxiety and other symptoms and leads to maladaptive use of defense mechanisms. 2. An unpleasant or maladaptive psychological disorder that may affect personality, mood, or certain limited aspects of behavior but that does not distract the affected individual from carrying out most activities of daily living. 3. A term formerly used to describe anxiety disorders, phobias, obsessions and compulsions, or somatoform disorders. SYN: neurotic disorder; psychoneurosis.

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 TREATMENT: Psychotherapy, cognitive therapy, behavioral therapy, family therapy, minor tranquilizers, and/or sedatives may be used.

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 Many neuroses are chronic and debilitating; others are minor, manageable, or adaptive. Treatment may be difficult in some cases.

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anxiety n. Anxiety disorder.

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cardiac n. Neurasthenia.

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compensation n. A form of malingering that develops subsequent to an injury in the belief that financial or other forms of compensation can be obtained or will be continued by being ill. SEE: factitious disorder...

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