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Section IV

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Neuroanatomy

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The Brain

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Lateral View—Major Areas by Function
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Lateral View—Major Gyri and Sulci
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Cortical Areas by Function
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Two views: (A) horizontal section and (B) tranverse section with amygdala and insula identified, of deep brain structures oriented to identifications of amygdala.

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Cortical Gyri and Sulci
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Right lateral views of brain (upper) with gyrus and key structures labeled.

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  • SFG: superior frontal gyrus

  • FP: frontal pole

  • MFG: middle frontal gyrus

  • preCG: precentral gyrus

  • poCG: postcentral gyrus

  • IFG: inferior frontal gyrus

  • SMG: supplemental motor gyrus

  • SPL: splenius

  • ANG: angularis

  • SOG: superior occipital gyrus

  • LOG: lateral occipital gyrus

  • IOG: inferior occipital gyrus

  • STG, MTG, ITG: superior, middle, inferior temporal gyrus

  • OG: orbital gyrus

  • ORB: orbitofrontal cortex

  • Oper: pars opercularis

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Left Sagittal View—Brain
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Left Sagittal View—Neuroimage
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Brain and Cranial Nerves—Inferior View
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Brainstem Cranial Nerve—Anterior View
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Posterolateral View of Brainstem
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Transverse Section Through Brain
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Transverse Section Through Brain, Neuroimage
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Spinal Cord Cross Sections

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Cervical

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(A) Cervical spinal cord colorized histology (Rorden). From: http://www.microscopy-uk. org.uk/mag/imgapr03/HistPaper03_Fig2.jpg. Accessed April 10, 2010.

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Lumbar

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(B) Cross section of lumbar spinal cord delineating gray and white matter structures. From: http://cache-media.britannica.com/eb-media/75/2975-050-0D5D3A36.jpg. Accessed April 10, 2010.

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Primary Motor/Sensory Cortex

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Humunculus depicting representative primary and sensory motor areas.

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Table Graphic Jump Location
TABLE 4.1Central Neurotransmitters

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