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INTRODUCTION

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CONTRACEPTIVES, HORMONAL MONOPHASIC ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES

ethinyl estradiol/desogestrel (eth-in-il es-tra-dye-ole/dess-oh-jes-trel)

Apri 28, Desogen, Ortho-Cept, Reclipsen, Solia

ethinyl estradiol/drospirenone (eth-in-il es-tra-dye-ole/droe-spy-re-nown)

Yasmin, Yaz

ethinyl estradiol/ethynodiol (eth-in-il es-tra-dye-ole/eth-e-noe-dye-ole)

Kelnor 1/35, Zovia 1/35, Zovia 1/50

ethinyl estradiol/levonorgestrel (eth-in-il es-tra-dye-ole/lee-voe-nor-jes-trel)

Alesse-28, Aviane-28, Lessina-28, Levlen-28, Levlite-28, Levora-28, Lutera, Nordette-28, Portia-28, Sronyx

ethinyl estradiol/norethindrone (eth-in-il es-tra-dye-ole/nor-eth-in-drone)

Balziva, Brevicon, Femcon Fe, Junel 21 1/20, Junel 21 1.5/20, Junel Fe 1/20, Junel Fe 1.5/30, Loestrin 21 1/20, Loestrin 21 1.5/30, Loestrin Fe 1/20, Loestrin Fe 1.5/30, Microgestin Fe 1/20, Modicon, Necon 0.5/35, Necon 1/35, Norethin 1/35E, Norinyl 1+35, Nortrel 0.5/35, Nortrel 1/35, Ortho-Novum 1/35, Ovcon 35, Ovcon 50, Zenchant

ethinyl estradiol/norgestimate (eth-in-il es-tra-dye-ole/nor-jest-i-mate)

MonoNessa, Ortho-Cyclen, Previfem, Sprintec

ethinyl estradiol/norgestrel (eth-in-il es-tra-dye-ole/nor-jess-trel)

Cryselle, Lo/Ovral 28, Low-Ogestrel 28, Ogestrel 28

mestranol/norethindrone (mes-tra-nole/nor-eth-in-drone)

Necon 1/50, Norethin 1/50M, Norinyl 1+50, Ortho-Novum 1/50

BIPHASIC ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES

ethinyl estradiol/desogestrel (eth-in-il es-tra-dye-ole/dess-oh-jes-trel)

Kariva, Mircette

ethinyl estradiol/norethindrone (eth-in-il es-tra-dye-ole/nor-eth-in-drone)

Necon 10/11, Ortho-Novum 10/11

TRIPHASIC ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES

ethinyl estradiol/desogestrel (eth-in-il es-tra-dye-ole/dess-oh-jes-trel)

Cesia, Cyclessa, Velivet

ethinyl estradiol/levonorgestrel (eth-in-il es-tra-dye-ole/lee-voenor-jes-trel)

Enpresse, Tri-Levlen, Triphasil 28, Trivora 28

ethinyl estradiol/norethindrone (eth-in-il es-tra-dye-ole/nor-eth-in-drone)

Aranelle, Leena, Necon 7/7/7, Nortrel 7/7/7, Ortho-Novum 7/7/7, Tri-Norinyl

ethinyl estradiol/norgestimate (eth-in-il es-tra-dye-ole/nor-jes-ti-mate)

Ortho Tri-Cyclen, Ortho Tri-Cyclen Lo, Tri-Nessa, Tri-Previfem, Tri-Sprintec

EXTENDED-CYCLE ORAL CONTRACEPTIVE

ethinyl estradiol/levonorgestrel (eth-in-il es-tra-dye-ole/lee-voe-nor-jes-trel)

Lybrel, Seasonale, Seasonique

PROGESTIN-ONLY ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES

norethindrone (nor-eth-in-drone) Errin, Camila, Jolivette, Micronor, Nor-Q D

PROGRESSIVE ESTROGEN ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES

norethindrone/ethinyl acetate (nor-eth-in-drone/eth-in-il as-e-tate)

Estrostep, Estrostep Fe

CONTRACEPTIVE IMPLANT

etonogestrel (e-toe-noe-jes-trel) Implanon

EMERGENCY CONTRACEPTIVE

levonorgestrel (lee-voe-nor-jes-trel) Plan B

INJECTABLE CONTRACEPTIVE

medroxyprogesterone (me-drox-ee-proe-jes-te-rone) Depo-Provera, Depo-subQ Provera 104

INTRAUTERINE CONTRACEPTIVE

levonorgestrel (lee-voe-nor-jes-trel) Mirena

Vaginal Ring Contraceptive

ethinyl estradiol/etonogestrel (eth-in-il es-tra-dye-ole/e-toe-noe-jes-trel) NuvaRing

Transdermal Contraceptive

ethinyl estradiol/norelgestromin (eth-in-il es-tra-dye-ole/nor-el-jes-troe-min)

Ortho Evra

Classification

Therapeutic: contraceptive hormones

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Indications
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Prevention of pregnancy. Regulation of menstrual cycle. Emergency contraception (some products). Treatment of premenstrual dysphoric disorder (Yaz, Yasmin). Management of acne in women >14 yr who desire contraception, have no health problems, and have failed topical treatment.

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Action
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Monophasic Oral Contraceptives: Provide a fixed dosage of estrogen/progestin over a 21-day cycle. Ovulation is inhibited by suppression of folliclestimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH). May alter cervical mucus and the endometrial environment, preventing penetration by sperm and implantation of the egg. Biphasic Oral Contraceptives: Ovulation is inhibited by suppression of FSH and LH. May alter cervical mucus and the endometrial environment, preventing penetration by sperm and implantation of the egg. In addition, smaller dose of ...

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